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Table 7 Blood culture isolates and antibiotic resistance patterns

From: High incidence of antimicrobial resistant organisms including extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusin nasopharyngeal and blood isolates of HIV-infected children from Cape Town, South Africa

Organisms isolated Number Resistant to TMP-SMX Resistance to selected antibiotics
S. pneumoniae 4 1 (only 1 tested) Pen sensitive 1; intermediate resistance 2; resistant 1
Gram negative respiratory H. influenzae 2 2 (100%) Amp 0 (0%)
S. aureus* 3 2 (66.6%) Clox – 2 (77.3%) Gent 2 (81.8%), Amik – 0
Enterobacteriacae† 13 8 (72.3%) CTX – 6 (54.5%); Gent – 6 (54.5%); Amik – 1 (10%); PTZ -10 (31.3%) Mero – 0
Acinetobacter 1 0 CTX – 0; gent – 0
Pseudomonas 1 1 PTZ -1; Gent – 1; Amik – 1
Shigella flexneri 1 1 Amp – 0; gent -1
  1. *No data for one isolate
  2. † Two isolates had no data for for cefotaxime, gentamicin and TMP-SMX; Three had no data for amikacin
  3. Clox – cloxacillin; Gent – gentamicin; Amik – amikacin; Pen – penicillin; Amp – ampicillin; CTX – cefotaxime; PTZ – piperacillin/tazobactam; Mero – meropenem
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