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Table 6 Current or previous hospitalization: relationship to selected NP organisms and antibiotic resistance

From: High incidence of antimicrobial resistant organisms including extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusin nasopharyngeal and blood isolates of HIV-infected children from Cape Town, South Africa

Organism No current or previous hospitalization (% organisms) Antibiotic resistance (% tested for selected antibiotic) P-value
S. aureus 5 (11.4%) Cloxacillin – 4 (80%) 1
   TMP-SMX – 5 (100%) 1
S. pneumoniae 12 (25%) Penicillin – 7 (58.3%) 0.2
   TMP-SMX – 8 (66.7%) 0.011
Enterobacteriaceae 6 (18.8%) Cefotaxime 3 (50%) 1
   Gentamicin 6 (50%) 0.5
   TMP-SMX 6 (83.3%) 0.48
  1. Fisher's Exact 2-tail test
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