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Table 1 Baseline demographic data in HIV-infected children with NP specimens

From: High incidence of antimicrobial resistant organisms including extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusin nasopharyngeal and blood isolates of HIV-infected children from Cape Town, South Africa

  Patients N = 203
Female 96 (47.3%)
Median age (IQ range) 1.8 (0.7 – 4) years
CDC Clinical Class  
   N 2 (0.9%)
   A 17 (8.4%)
   B 138 (68%)
   C 46 (22.7%)
CDC Immunological  
   1 44 (22%)
   2 85 (42.5%)
   3 71 (35.5%)
CD4 percentage 19 (14 – 26)
Hospitalization  
   None in past 52 (25.6%)
   1 54 (26.6%)
   2 53 (26.11%)
   3 28 (13.79%)
   4 11 (5.42%)
   5 5 (2.46%)
Recruited to study during or immediately after current hospitalization 91 (44.8%)
No hospitalization 38 (18.7%)
TMP-SMX status  
   No previous experience 47 (23.3%)
   On drug at baseline 141 (69.8)
   History of exposure 15 (7.4%)
Median weight for age Z-score (IQ range) -1.6 (-3 – -0.4)
Antiretroviral therapy at baseline 19 (9.4%)
   Time on therapy 0.5 (0.2 – 1.1) years
Died within 12 months of enrolment 35 (17.2%)
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