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Table 3 Odd ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for HIV and syphilis seropositivity, and positive HBsAg status according to the sociodemographic characteristics among 1366 prisoners in Ghana on univariate analysis

From: Correlates of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infections among prison inmates and officers in Ghana: A national multicenter study

Sociodemographic characteristic* No. of inmates (%) HIV seropositive HBV seropositive Syphilis seropositive
   No. (%) OR (95% CI)# No. (%) OR (95% CI)# No. (%) OR (95% CI)#
Age (years)        
   17–31 455 (33.3) 37 (8.1) 3.9 (2.6–9.8) 178 (39.1) 3.2 (2.4–8.5) 111 (24.4) 3.3 (2.5–8.9)
   32–46 458 (33.5) 30 (6.6) 3.1 (2.2–7.7) 105 (22.9) 2.4 (1.7–6.3) 71 (15.5) 2.2 (1.4–6.1)
   >47 453 (33.2) 13 (2.9) 1 66 (14.5) 1 44 (9.7) 1
Marital status        
   Married 1030 (75.4) 34 (3.3) 1 197 (19.1) 1 102 (9.9) 1
   Not married 336 (24.6) 46 (13.7) 5.9 (3.3–14.2) 152 (45.2) 2.9 (2.2–7.1) 124 (36.9) 4.9 (4.1–12.7)
Educational level attained        
   Primary or better 1123 (82.2) 48 (4.3) 1 219 (19.5) 1 117 (10.4) 1
   Illiterate or none 243 (17.8) 32 (13.2) 4.2 (2.8–11.0) 130 (53.5) 3.7 (2.7–10.6) 109 (44.9) 5.6 (3.1–13.6)
Gender        
   Female 119 (8.7) 18 (15.1) 4.5 (3.0–13.4) 51 (42.9) 3.5 (2.5–9.8) 43 (36.1) 3.4 (2.3–8.5)
   Male 1247 (91.3) 62 (5.0) 1 298 (23.9) 1 183 (14.7) 1
  1. *Combined into only two to three categories to minimize the width of confidence intervals.
  2. #Adjusted for age.