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Table 1 Characteristics of the HIV-infected children per study group.

From: Severe anaemia is not associated with HIV-1 env gene characteristics in Malawian children

  Cases Controls p
HIV-infected 45 41 n/a
Age (mean in months ± SD) 25.5 ± 14.1 28.8 ± 12.4 0.25
Sex (M:F) 18:27 23:18 0.14
Haemoglobin (mean in g/dL ± SD) 3.6 ± 0.7 9.3 ± 2.0 n/a
Reticulocytes (Median and IQR *10e9/L) 58.6 (30.3–93.1) n = 35 55.7 (34.7–86.0) n = 31 0.72
CRP>10 mg/L 38/42 (90%) 25/36 (69%) 0.02
  1. Baseline characteristics of children with severe anaemia (cases, Hb<5.0 g/dL) as compared to those without severe anaemia (controls). SD: Standard deviation; IQR Inter Quartile Range; The number of children is only displayed if data was not available for all children.