Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with STI in univariate and multivariate logistic regression

From: Sustained high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in Cambodia: high turnover seriously challenges the 100% condom use programme

Characteristics Total, N = 1062*   Total, N = 1054
  No. (% STI positive) OR (95% CI) P Value AOR (95% CI)**
Age group (years)     
   15–24 658 (25.0) Referent   Referent
   25–29 294 (23.6) 0.92 (0.55–1.56) 0.450 0.84 (0.48–1.46)
   ≥ 30 110 (23.7) 0.93 (0.50–1.81)   1.20 (0.54–2.60)
Education level     
   0–5 years 889 (26.2) 2.10 (0.94–4.62) 0.063 2.36 (0.98–5.69)
   ≥ 6 years 162 (14.5) Referent   Referent
Duration living in the current city     
   ≤ 12 months 628 (30.0) 1.86 (1.22–2.81) 0.004 1.36 (0.86–2.16)
   > 12 months 434 (18.8) Referent   Referent
History of ever having had an abortion     
   No abortion 606 (27.4) Referent   Referent
   Any abortion 455 (22.1) 0.75 (0.50–1.13) 0.168 0.76 (0.47–1.21)
Duration of sex work     
   ≤ 12 months (new FSW) 666 (30.0) 2.29 (1.44–3.65) <0.001 2.14 (1.21–3.78)
   > 12 months (longer working FSW) 395 (15.8) Referent   Referent
Reported having sweetheart in the past 12 months     
   No sweetheart 556 (27.3) Referent   
   Any sweetheart 505 (21.8) 0.74 (0.42–1.33) 0.314 -
Number of clients in last working day     
   ≤ 3 clients 691 (22.3) Referent   
   > 3 clients 368 (27.5) 1.32 (0.84–2.10) 0.231 -
Condom use with clients in the past week     
   Always use condom 924 (23.0) Referent   Referent
   Not always use condom 114 (30.3) 1.45 (0.83–2.53) 0.183 1.37 (0.77–2.45)
Working during menstruation     -
   Continued working 289 (30.4) 1.56 (0.97–2.50) 0.063 1.57 (0.98–2.53)
   Stop working ≥ 1 day 759 (21.9) Referent   Referent
Convinced/forced by clients not to use condom     
   Never convinced/forced 552 (21.1) Referent   
   Ever convinced/forced 459 (26.3) 1.34 (0.83–2.17) 0.231 -
Self-report of STI in the past year     
   No 603 (21.5) Referent   Referent
   Yes 457 (27.8) 1.40 (0.82–2.43) 0.216 1.70 (0.95–3.00)
  1. *Total does not equal 1062 for all variables because of missing information
  2. ** Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval