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Table 3 Duration and quality of coverage of three new techniques for hand disinfection

From: Influence of rub-in technique on required application time and hand coverage in hygienic hand disinfection

Variation of rub-in technique Duration
(median)
Duration
(mean)
Location of untreated skin areas Size of untreated skin areas
(back of hands)
    Whole hand Palmar side Dorsal side 0% < 5% 5% – 15% > 15%
14 25 s 26.8 s 53% 7% 53% 47% 47% 7% 0%
15 23 s 22.3 s 67% 13% 67% 33% 60% 7% 0%
16 27 s 27.1 s 60% 7% 60% 40% 40% 20% 0%
  1. Comparison of hygienic hand disinfection when performed with a propanol-based hand rub in three new treatment variations: duration, and proportion and location of untreated skin areas, with size given for the back of the hands.