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Table 1 Characteristics of 557 HCW reporting occupational exposures at an urban teaching hospital in Pune, India, 2003–2005

From: High risk for occupational exposure to HIV and utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis in a teaching hospital in Pune, India

Characteristic Total
N = 557 (%)
High-risk#
N = 339 (%)
Low-risk
N = 211 (%)
p
Median Age, years (range) 23 (18–58) 23 (18–58) 23 (18–57) 0.2
Male 295 (53.2) 178 (52.8) 112 (53.1) 0.33
Occupation     
   Intern 296 (53.1) 159 (46.9) 134 (63.5) 0.0001
   Resident 127 (22.8) 84 (24.8) 42 (19.9) 0.19
   Nurse 42 (7.5) 28 (8.3) 13 (6.2) 0.36
   Student Nurse 33 (5.9) 24 (7.1) 9 (4.3) 0.18
   Other 59 (10.6) 38 (11.2) 11 (5.2) 0.02
Department     
   Medicine 150 (26.9) 101 (29.8) 49 (23.2) 0.09
   Obstetrics/Gynecology 132 (23.7) 67 (19.8) 63 (29.9) 0.008
   Casualty (emergency room) 96 (17.2) 49 (14.5) 46 (21.8) 0.03
   Surgery 84 (15.1) 57 (16.8) 26 (12.3) 0.15
   Pediatrics 30 (5.4) 16 (4.7) 14 (6.6) 0.34
   Other 58(10.4) 44 (13.0) 11 (5.2) 0.003
Median time between exposure and reporting (n = 329) hours:minutes(range) 0:30 (0–122:30) 0:30 (0–122:30) 0:30 (0–23:56) 0.88
   Reporting within 24 hours 313 (95.1) 149 (97.3) 164 (100) 0.56
Wound cleaned stat 523 (93.9) 314 (92.6) 203 (96.2) 0.13
Personal protective equipment used 307 (55.1) 182 (53.7) 124 (58.8) 0.25
   Gloves 279 (50.1) 165 (48.7) 113 (53.6) 0.26
   Mask 52 (9.3) 31 (9.1) 20 (9.5) 0.89
   Gown 51 (9.2) 30 (8.8) 20 (9.5) 0.80
   Eyewear 18 (3.2) 8 (2.4) 10 (4.7) 0.13
   Other 5 (0.9) 5 (1.5) 0 (0.0) 0.54
Hepatitis B Vaccination/job category (% vaccinated) 424 (76.1) 249 (73.5) 172 (81.5) 0.03
   Intern 238 (80.4) 125 (78.6) 111 (82.8) 0.0003
   Resident 111 (89.5) 72 (85.7) 39 (92.8) 0.43
   Student Nurse 22 (66.7) 14 (58.3) 8 (88.9) 0.84
   Nurse 26 (61.9) 18 (64.3) 8 (57.1) 0.41
   Other 25 (42.4) 19 (50.0) 6 (54.5) 0.13
Exposure characteristic     
Percutaneous 452 (81.1) 280 (82.6) 160 (75.8) 0.05
   More severe 159 (28.5) 107 (31.6) 49 (23.2) 0.03
   Needle stick 420 (75.4) 256 (75.5) 152 (74.1) 0.36
Hollow needle 280 (66.7) 175 (68.4) 105 (69.1) 0.67
Solid needle 111 (26.4) 66 (25.8) 45 (29.6) 0.60
Unknown/not reported 29 (6.9) 15 (5.9) 2 (1.3) 0.02
   Laceration 34 (6.1) 24 (7.3) 8 (3.9) 0.11
Mucocutaneous 105 (18.8) 51 (15.4) 45 (22.0) 0.06
   Large volume 13 (12.4) 6 (11.8) 4 (9.8) 0.91
   Small volume 91 (86.7) 45 (88.2) 41 (91.1) 0.05
Exposed to blood 489 (87.8) 286 (84.4) 200 (94.8) 0.0002
Exposed worker activity     
   Handling sharp during procedure 331 (59.4) 217 (64.0) 114 (54.0) 0.02
   Handling sharp after procedure 98 (17.6) 58 (17.1) 40 (19.0) 0.58
   Recapping 46 (8.3) 30 (8.8) 16 (7.6) 0.60
   Disposing equipment 30 (5.4) 12 (3.5) 18 (8.5) 0.01
   Sharp left around/not safely disposed 31 (5.6) 5 (1.5) 8 (3.8) 0.08
   Other 21 (3.8) 8 (2.4) 13 (6.2) 0.02
  1. *Not all percentages add to 100% as some data were missing
  2. #High risk exposure defined as an exposure for which PEP is recommended and includes: (1) cases in which source tested or was known to be HIV positive, (2) cases where source was judged to be at high risk for HIV by clinicians, and (3) cases where source status and/or risk for HIV remained unknown.