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Table 6 Risk factors for clinical and bacteriological failure

From: Acute bacterial prostatitis: heterogeneity in diagnostic criteria and management. Retrospective multicentric analysis of 371 patients diagnosed with acute prostatitis

  Clinical failure*
  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis Odds ratio
  P P  
Personal history    
   Age < 0.001 < 0.001 1.040
   history of prostate hyperplasia 0.024 NS** ND
   neurological bladder 0.033 NS** ND
   number of co-morbidities 0.004 NS** ND
Symptoms    
   urinary symptoms 0.013 NS** ND
   haematuria 0.005 0.012 0.320
   painful digital rectal examination 0.014 0.017 0.340
Underlying urinary tract pathology    
   discovery of prostate hyperplasia 0.005 NS** ND
   other anatomical or functional pathology < 0.001 0.013 4.720
Management    
   Anti inflammatory treatment 0.003 0.003 0.350
  Bacteriological failure ††
  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis Odds ratio
  P P  
Personal history    
   Age 0.001 0.002 1.060
   history of urinary catheter 0.001 0.010 4.612
   neurological bladder 0.002 NS** ND
   number of co-morbidities 0.044 NS** ND
Symptoms    
   pollakiuria 0.006 NS** ND
   Dysuria 0.047 NS** ND
   bladder outlet obstruction 0.004 NS** ND
Biology    
   Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection 0.006 0.013 7.279
   infection with 2 or more strains 0.001 0.008 5.329
Imaging    
   prostate nodular lesion on ultrasound 0.005 NS** ND
   post void residual urine on ultrasound 0.001 NS** ND
   other anatomical or functional pathology 0.004 NS** ND
Management    
   inadequate probabilistic antibiotic treatment < 0.001 0.002 4.570
   urinary drainage with Foley catheter 0.002 NS** ND
   urinary drainage with supra pubic catheter 0.039 NS** ND
  1. *Clinical failure: patient reporting persistent clinical symptoms at the follow-up visit.
  2. ** NS: Not Significant, ND: Not Determined
  3. ††Bacteriological failure: positive urine culture at the follow-up visit.