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Table 5 Prevalence estimates and pairwise comparisons, willingness to comply with health protective behaviours, by socio-demographic subgroups and health status

From: Pandemic influenza in Australia: Using telephone surveys to measure perceptions of threat and willingness to comply

Population Very willing to comply with vaccination Very willing to comply with isolation Very willing to comply with wearing a face mask Very willing to comply with ALL: vaccination + isolation+ wearing a face mask
  % (95%C) % (95%CI) % (95%CI) % (95%CI)
Total NSW population 75.4 (72.7, 78.1) 70.2 (67.3, 73.0) 59.9 (56.8, 63.0) 47.7 (44.5, 50.8)
Gender     
Male 76.2 (72.0, 80.4) 68.1 (63.5, 72.7) 59.4 (54.6, 64.3) 48.3(43.3, 53.3)
Female 74.6 (71.2, 77.9) 72.3 (68.8, 75.7) 60.4 (56.5, 64.2) 47.0 (43.2, 50.9)
Age §     
16–24 67.3 (57.8, 76.8) 59.2 (49.3, 69.1)* 43.9 (33.8, 54.1)** 33.1 (23.2, 43.1)**
25–34 72.3 (64.1, 80.5) 62.4 (53.7, 71.1) 53.8 (44.8, 62.8) 40.5 (31.8, 49.2)
35–44 79.3 (73.4, 85.3) 74.2 (67.4, 81.0) 66.7 (59.4, 74.0) 50.0 (41.8, 58.3)
45–54 77.8 (72.5, 83.0) 72.9 (67.1, 78.8) 61.3 (55.0, 67.6) 52.4 (45.9, 58.9)
55–64 75.8 (70.6, 80.9) 77.4 (72.1, 82.7)* 64.8 (58.6, 70.9) 52.4 (46.1, 58.6)
65–74 81.5 (77.0, 86.0)* 74.3 (69.1, 79.5) 69.1 (63.5, 74.7)** 58.2 (52.0, 64.3)**
75+ 73.9 (67.4, 80.5) 72.5 (65.3, 79.6) 64.4 (56.9, 72.0) 53.4 (45.4, 61.4)
Children in household     
Yes 80.5 (75.8, 85.3)** 71.8 (66.3, 77.2) 58.4 (52.4, 64.5) 47.8 (41.6, 54.0)
No 72.5 (68.7, 76.3) 69.0 (65.1, 72.9) 60.4 (56.3, 64.6) 47.2 (43.0, 51.3)
Born in Australia     
Yes 76.5 (73.5, 79.6) 72.0 (68.8, 75.2)* 60.3 (56.8, 63.9) 48.6 (44.9, 52.2)
No 72.2 (66.4, 78.0) 64.7 (58.3, 71.2) 58.4 (51.9, 64.9) 44.9 (38.4, 51.4)
Speak language other than English at home     
Yes 67.5 (59.1, 75.9)* 53.3 (44.1, 62.3)*** 53.4 (44.3, 62.4) 36.9 (28.0, 45.7)**
No 77.0 (74.2, 79.8) 73.3 (70.4, 76.2) 61.1 (57.7, 64.3) 49.7 (46.3, 53.1)
Location     
Urban 74.4 (70.7, 78.0) 68.9(64.9, 72.8) 57.8(53.6, 62.0)* 46.2 (41.9, 50.5)
Rural 77.6 (74.4, 80.8) 72.9 (69.4, 76.3) 64.4 (60.6, 68.2) 50.8 (46.7, 54.8)
Living alone     
Yes 72.6 (68.2, 77.0) 70.2 (65.5, 74.8) 62.0 (57.2, 66.9) 49.5 (44.5, 54.5)
No 75.8 (72.8, 78.8) 70.2 (66.9, 73.4) 59.6 (56.1, 63.1) 47.4 (43.9, 51.0)
Highest formal qualification §     
None 75.6 (67.9, 83.4) 64.0 (54.5, 73.4) 59.8 (50.6, 68.9) 42.3 (32.8, 51.8)
School certificate 71.2 (65.6, 76.8) 65.4 (59.7, 71.2) 57.2 (51.2, 63.2) 45.1 (39.1, 51.2)
High school certificate 72.9 (65.4, 80.4) 66.4 (58.6, 74.1 51.9 (43.6, 60.2) 42.1 (34.1, 50.1)
TAFE certificate/diploma 74.5 (68.7, 80.3) 73.3 (67.5, 79.1) 57.0 (50.4, 63.6) 45.7 (39.2, 52.2)
University degree/equivalent 80.4 (75.8, 85.0) 74.7 (69.4, 80.0) 67.6 (61.9, 73.2)* 54.5 (48.5, 60.5)*
Employed     
Yes 76.4 (72.7, 80.1) 69.5 (65.5, 73.5) 58.9 (54.5, 63.2) 47.3 (42.8, 51.7)
No 74.5 (70.6, 78.5) 71.8 (67.7, 76.0) 62.0 (57.6, 66.5) 49.1 (44.6, 53.6)
Household income §     
< $20 k 71.2 (65.2, 77.2) 71.6 (65.8, 77.4) 63.2 (56.9, 69.5) 49.9 (43.1, 56.6)
$20 k – $40 k 72.7 (66.1, 79.2) 74.3 (68.0, 80.6) 60.3 (52.8, 67.7) 47.5 (40.1, 54.8)
$40 k – $60 k 70.1 (62.5, 77.6) 67.9 (60.3, 75.5) 58.5 (50.4, 66.5) 42.1 (34.4, 49.7)
$60 k – $80 k 79.0 (70.6, 87.4) 64.3 (54.1, 74.5) 60.8 (50.7, 70.9) 46.0 (35.3, 56.6)
> $80 k 81.4 (76.2, 86.5)* 74.3 (68.6, 80.0) 60.5 (54.2, 66.8) 51.4 (45.0, 57.9)
High psychological distress (≥ 22) ψ     
Yes 75.6 (66.1, 85.0) 67.6 (57.3, 77.9) 55.5 (44.7, 66.4) 40.9 (30.4, 51.4)
No 77.1 (73.5, 80.7) 73.3 (69.3, 77.2) 63.1 (58.8, 67.4) 50.2 (45.8, 54.6)
Positive self-rated health status (good, very good, excellent)     
Yes 77.7 (73.9, 81.5) 70.3 (66.2, 74.5) 60.7 (56.2, 65.2 49.8 (45.1, 54.5)
No 68.3 (59.4, 77.2) 68.6 (59.5, 77.6) 61.0 (52.0, 69.9) 45.2 (36.2, 54.3)
  1. Notes: Level of statistical significance: * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001. Population level frequencies do not agree with Table 3 as don't know/refused responses were excluded from this analysis. § For pairwise comparison testing in subgroups with more than two categories comparisons are made between each subgroup prevalence and the overall population prevalence. ψPsychological distress was measured using the K10. Values range from 10–50, with 'high' psychological distress considered as being ≥ 22.
  2. Source: New South Wales Health Survey Program. Sydney: New South Wales Department of Health, 2008.