Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with likelihood of delivery by elective caesarean

From: Characteristics and management of HIV-1-infected pregnant women enrolled in a randomised trial: differences between Europe and the USA

  N (%) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Ethnicity     
   White 309 (23) 1.0 1.0  
   Black 793 (59) 0.41 (0.31, 0.53) 0.67 (0.49, 0.91) 0.0107
   Other 248 (18) 0.40 (0.28, 0.57) 0.89 (0.60, 1.32) 0.5490
Geographic area     
   Europe 372 (28) 1.0 1.0  
   USA 978 (72) 0.18 (0.14, 0.23) 0.18 (0.14, 0.24) 0.0001
Antenatal ART     
   None/monotherapy 309 (23) 1.0 1.0  
   Dual therapy 474 (35) 0.51 (0.38, 0.69) 0.57 (0.41, 0.78) 0.0006
   HAART 567 (42) 0.54 (0.41, 0.72) 0.70 (0.52, 0.96) 0.0263
CD4 count (entry)     
   < 400 cells per ml 586 (43) 1.0 1.0  
   ≥400 cells per ml 764 (57) 1.06 (0.84, 1.33) 1.08 (0.84, 1.39) 0.5371
CD4 count (delivery)     
   < 400 cells per ml 543 (40) 1.0 1.0  
   ≥400 cells per ml 807 (60) 1.04 (0.83, 1.31) 1.10 (0.86, 1.42) 0.4486
Viral load (entry)     
   Undetectable 570 (44) 1.00 1.0  
   Detectable 740 (56) 0.97 (0.77, 1.23) 0.83 (0.65, 1.07) 0.1571
Viral load (delivery)     
   Undetectable 626 (53) 1.0 1.0  
   Detectable 555 (47) 0.82 (0.64, 1.05) 0.90 (0.69, 1.17) 0.4308