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Table 1 Summary of reported cases of Streptobacillus moniliformis arthritis.

From: Streptobacillus moniliformis septic arthritis: a clinical entity distinct from rat-bite fever?

Study Age in years, sex Underlying diseases Rat exposure Potential contact with rats Clinical presentation other than joint pain Joint(s) involved Treatment Duration in days Outcome
Mandel [15] 77, M NR Bite Occupation (farmer) Fever, anorexia, skin pustule Both ankles and wrists, left sternoclavicular joint Cloxacillin and ampicillin; penicillin G 2
Anderson & Marrie [16] 79, M Oosteomyelitis of hands, Paget's disease Bite Occupation (farmer) Fever and chills Both knees Penicillin G; penicillin V 28
Rumley et al. [17] 48, M NR None Occupation (warehouse fork lift operator) Fever, headache, cough, hoarseness, sore throat Left wrist and right shoulder Nafcillin and gentamicin 28 Cured
Holroyd et al. [18] 59, M Alcoholism, pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic seizure disorder None NR None Small joints of hand, wrist, both knees, ankles and shoulders Ticarcillin and gentamicin; penicillin G NR
Fordham et al. [19] 63, M NR None Occupation (pig farmer) Fever, rash, anorexia, malaise Both ankles, right knee Flucloxacillin; vancomycin NR Cured
Hockam et al. [20] 12, M None Scratch Pet Fever, rash, skin pustule Right hip Arthrotomy, cefuroxime; ceftriaxone 21 Cured
Downing et al. [21] 13, M None Bite Pet Fever Right hip Arthrotomy; penicillin G; amoxicillin 42 Cured
Stehle et al. [22] 72, M Osteomyelitis of knees with total knee replacement bilaterally Bite Animal lover, picking up rat near trashcans None Right elbow, 3rd left metacarpophalangeal, both knees Antibiotics NR Cured
Wallet et al. [23] 56, F NR Bite Pet None Right knee, left ankle, left shoulder, left elbow, left wrist Penicillin G and ofloxacin; clindamycin and rifampin NR Cured
Thong & Barkham [24] 62, M NR Bite NR None Both wrists, small joints of hands, right knee, right ankle, left foot Ciprofloxacin and doxycycline; penicillin G NR
Legout et al. [25] 60, F Carcinoma of breast Bite Occupation (pet shop employee) None Both knees, elbows, ankles, hands Penicillin; rifampin and clindamycin 28 Cured
Current case 58, F Osteomyelitis of knees Bite Traveling Fever Left wrist and right knee Arthrotomy; cloxacillin; ampicillin 3
  1. NR, not reported.