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Table 2 Frequency (percentage) of bacterial and fungal pathogens* cultured from community-acquired† and hospital-acquired‡ bloodstream infection

From: Antimicrobial resistance predicts death in Tanzanian children with bloodstream infections: a prospective cohort study

Organism CA† HA‡ Total
Klebsiella spp. 19 (12.3) 34 (24.5) 53 (18.0)
- Klebsiella pneumoniae 17 31 48
Salmonellae 27 (17.4) 12 (8.6) 39 (13.3)
- Salmonella serovar Typhii 1 1 2
- Salmonella serovar Enteritidis 14 6 20
- Salmonella serovar Typhimurium 11 5 16
- Salmonella serovar Newport 1 0 1
Escherichia coli 24 (15.5) 13 (9.4) 37 (12.6)
Enterobacter spp. 5 (3.2) 4 (2.9) 9 (3.1)
- Enterobacter cloacae 2 4 6
- Other Enterobacter spp. 3 0 3
Other Enterobacteriaceae 4 (2.6) 2 (1.4) 6 (2.0)
- Pantoea spp. 2 0 2
- Serratia marcescens 0 1 1
- Shigella flexnerii 1 0 1
- Citrobacter freundii 1 0 1
- Proteus mirabilis 0 1 1
Total Enterobacteriaceae 79 (51.0) 65 (46.8) 144 (49.0)
Acinetobacter spp. 3 (1.9) 9 (6.5) 12 (4.1)
- Acinetobacter baumannii 0 5 5
- Acinetobacter lwoffii 3 2 5
- Acinetobacter spp. 0 2 2
Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7 (4.5) 6 (4.3) 13 (4.4)
Other Non-Enterobacteriaceae 6 (3.9) 5 (3.6) 11 (3.7)
Pseudomonas spp. 4 1 5
Sphingomonas paucimobilis 2 0 2
Chryseobacterium spp. 0 2 2
Moraxella spp. 0 2 2
Total non- Enterobacteriaceae GNR 16 (10.3) 20 (14.4) 36 (12.2)
GNR not further specified 5 (3.2) 2 (1.4) 7 (2.4)
Total GNR 100 (64.5) 87 (62.6) 187 (63.6)
Staphylococcus aureus 13 (8.4) 17 (12.2) 30 (10.2)
Enterococci 24 (15.5) 19 (13.7) 43 (14.6)
- Enterococcus faecium 12 9 21
- Enterococcus faecalis 9 6 15
- Enterococcus spp. 3 4 7
Streptococci 3 (1.9) 5 (3.6) 8 (2.7)
- Group B streptococci 1 3 4
- Streptococcus viridans 1 2 3
- Streptococci, not further identified 1 0 1
Total Gram-positive 40 (25.8) 41 (29.5) 81 (27.6)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5) 1 (0.3)
Candida spp. 15 (9.7) 10 (7.2) 25 (8.5)
Total 155 (100.0) 139 (100.0) 294 (100.0)
  1. GNR, Gram-negative rods. *The percentage refers to the proportion of all pathogenic bacterial and fungal isolates. Anaerobes, coagulase-negative staphylococci and bacterial isolates of uncertain pathogenicity were not included. † CA: Community-acquired infection, i.e. blood-culture obtained ≤ 48 hours from of admission. ‡ Hospital-acquired infection: Blood-culture obtained > 48 hours from admission.