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Table 1 Use of antimicrobial agents in children with suspected systemic infection

From: Antimicrobial resistance predicts death in Tanzanian children with bloodstream infections: a prospective cohort study

  Number of children (%) receiving drug
Age of child on blood culture 0–6 days 7–30 days 1 month – 7 years Total
No of patients n = 261 n = 190 n = 1106 n = 1557
Any antibacterial 257 (98.5) 186 (97.9) 1017 (92.0) 1460 (93.8)
- Penicillin - - 301 (27.2) 301 (19.3)
- Ampicillin/amoxicillin 244 (93.5) 165 (86.8) 589 (53.3) 998 (64.1)
- Cloxacillin 244 (93.5) 165 (86.8) 354 (32.0) 763 (49.0)
- Cephalexin - - 27 (2.4) 27 (1.7)
- Cefuroxime - - 37 (3.3) 37 (2.4)
- Ceftriaxone 34 (13.0) 51 (26.8) 118 (10.7) 203 (13.0)
- Chloramphenicol - 2 (1.1) 416 (37.6) 418 (26.8)
- Gentamicin 250 (95.8) 173 (91.1) 504 (45.6) 927 (59.5)
- Amikacin - 1 (0.5) 25 (2.3) 26 (1.7)
- Co-trimoxazole - 3 (1.6) 129 (11.7) 132 (8.5)
- Erythromycin - 2 (1.1) 44 (4.0) 46 (3.0)
- Azithromycin - - 23 (2.1) 23 (1.5)
- Nalidixic acid - - 4 (0.4) 4 (0.3)
- Metronidazole - - 22 (2.0) 22 (1.4)
TB medicines - - 71(6.4) 71(4.6)
Any antimalarial 19(7.3) 23 (12.1) 784 (70.9) 826 (53.1)
- Quinine 6 (2.3) 16 (8.4) 636 (57.5) 658 (42.3)
- Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine - 1 (0.5) 192 (17.4) 193 (12.4)
- Chloroquine 15 (5.7) 9 (4.7) 7 (0.6) 31 (2.0)
- Amodiaquine - - 12 (1.1) 12 (0.8)
- Artesunate - - 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Mebendazole - - 44(4.0) 44(2.8)
Nystatin (oral) 8(3.1) 13(6.8) 195 (17.6) 216 (13.9)
Systemic antifungal - - 8(0.7) 8(0.5)