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Table 1 Characteristics of the 71 study patients and events during the study Staphylococcus aureus colonization sites

From: Staphylococcus aureus intestinal colonization is associated with increased frequency of S. aureuson skin of hospitalized patients

  Stool +
Nares +/-
Nares
only
Nares -
Stool -
 
Characteristic (N = 26) (N = 13) (N = 32) p*
At baseline     
Age, years, mean ± SD 65.0 ± 14.5 66.1 ± 11.4 63.1 ± 13.2 0.76
Length of stay, mean ± SD 22.6 ± 18.6 19.2 ± 16.1 13.2 ± 12.1 0.13
Male sex, no. (%) 26 (100) 13 (100) 32 (100) 1
Clinical conditions, no. (%)     
   Chronic renal failure 3 (11.5) 2 (15.4) 2 (6.3) 0.61
   Diabetes mellitus 9 (34.6) 4 (30.8) 12 (37.5) 0.91
   Chronic dermatologic conditions 1 (3.8) 1 (7.7) 1 (3.1) 0.25
   Wounds 11 (42.3) 4 (30.8) 6 (18.8) 0.15
   Liver disease 4 (15.4) 1 (7.7) 1 (3.1) 0.25
   Cancer 5 (19.2) 0 (0) 7 (21.9) 0.19
Nursing home resident, no. (%) 4 (15.4) 3 (23.1) 5 (15.6) 0.81
During the study, no. (%)     
Admission to intensive care unit 4 (15.4 1 (7.7) 2 (6.3) 0.13
Nasogastric tube 6 (23.1) 2 (15.4) 3 (9.4) 0.36
Mechanical ventilation 6 (23.1) 1 (7.7) 2 (6.3) 0.13
Antibiotic therapy 18 (69.2) 9 (69.2) 21 (65.6) 0.95
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus colonization 10 (38.5) 4 (30.8) 7 (21.9) 0.39
Central venous catheter 5 (19.2) 1 (7.7) 6 (18.8) 0.62
Diarrhea or fecal incontinence 15 (57.7) 8 (61.5) 8 (25) 0.06
Surgery 4 (15.4) 2 (15.4) 6 (18.8) 0.93
Proton pump inhibitor or H2 blocker 18 (69.2) 9 (69.2) 21 (65.6) 0.95
S. aureus infection 8 (30.8) 2 (15.4) 1 (3.1) 0.02
  1. *p values refer to overall differences among the 3 groups