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Table 1 Characteristics of 142 patients receiving HAART

From: Effect of prolonged HAART on oral colonization with Candidaand candidiasis

  First survey Subsequent survey  
Group 1 (N = 11) 2 (N = 83) 3 (N = 48) Total 1 (N = 11) 2 (N = 83) 3 (N = 48) Total p
Characteristic number of isolates (percentage) number of isolates (percentage)  
CD4+ count > 200 5 (45.5) 42 (50.6) 24 (50) 71 (50) 10 (10.9) 55 (66.3) 36 (75) 101 (71.1) 0.0003
CD4+ count ≤ 200 6 (54.5) 41 (49.4) 24 (50) 71 (50) 1 (9.1) 28 (33.7) 12 (25) 41 (18.9) 0.0003
Candida culture positive 7 (63.3) 48 (57.8) 27 (56.3) 82 (57.7) 6 (54.5) 37 (44.6) 23 (47.9) 66 (46.5) 0.06
Oral candidiasis 1 (9.1) 10 (12) 4 (8.3) 15 (10.6) 0 2 (2.4) 1 (2.1) 3 (2.1) 0.004
Hospitalized* 1 (9.1) 15 (18.1) 10 (20.8) 26 (18.3) 1 (9.1) 4 (4.8) 1 (2.1) 6 (4.2) 0.0002
Received anti-fungal drugs* 2 (18.2) 10 (12) 7 (14.6) 19 (13.4) 0 3 (3.6) 1 (2.1) 4 (2.8) 0.002
Received antibiotics* 9 (81.8) 29 (34.9) 32 (66.7) 70 (49.3) 2 (18.2) 16 (19.3) 4 (8.3) 22 (15.5) < 0.0001
Plasma viral load (> 50 copies/ml) (N = 82) ND 59 (72) ND ND ND 22 (26.8) ND ND < 0.0001
  1. * Within three months of the Candida culture, p value is calculated by total number of isolates
  2. Group 1, patients only in 1999 and 2001; group 2, patients only in 2001 and 2002; and group 3, patients in all three years.