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Table 6 Results of pericardial fluid analyses by clinical HIV status

From: Clinical characteristics and initial management of patients with tuberculous pericarditis in the HIV era: the Investigation of the Management of Pericarditis in Africa (IMPI Africa) registry

Feature Clinical HIV disease No clinical HIV disease P
Pericardiocentesis
Indication:
31 (44.9) 38 (55.1) 0.29
    Diagnostic 14 (45.2) 17 (54.8) 0.97
    Therapeutic 17 (44.7) 21 (55.3)  
Pericardial aspirate analyses:    
Adenosine deaminase (n)    
    > 40 IU/L 8 (42.1) 11 (57.9) 0.79
    < 40 IU/L 7 (46.7) 8 (53.3)  
Ziehl-Neelsen stain for acid-fast bacilli (n)    
    Positive 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 0.62
    Negative 20 (40.8) 29 (59.2)  
TB culture (n)    
    Positive 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 0.61
    Negative 4 (40.0) 6 (60.0)  
  1. Values are absolute counts (percentages)
  2. IU/L: international units per litre.