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Table 2 Male circumcision prevalence and selected infectious diseases among developing countries.

From: Male circumcision, religion, and infectious diseases: an ecologic analysis of 118 developing countries

  Univariate linear regression of male circumcision prevalence1 Countries with low (<20%) male circumcision prevalence Countries with high (>80%) male circumcision prevalence
  No. of countries Regression coefficient R 2* No. of countries Mean ± SD* No. of countries Mean ± SD*
HIV prevalence among sub-Saharan Africa (/100 adults)2 38 -0.90 0.51 8 16.48 ± 0.002 22 2.98 ± 0.002
HIV prevalence among non-sub-Saharan African countries with primarily heterosexual HIV transmission (/100 adults)2 29 -1.08 0.51 11 0.76 ± 0.004 17 0.09 ± 0.002
HIV prevalence among non-sub-Saharan African countries with primarily homosexual or injection drug use HIV transmission (/100 adults)2 33 -1.03 0.29 25 0.41 ± 0.004 4 0.06 ± 0.001
Cervical cancer incidence (/100,000 women/year) 117 -7.2 0.18 51 35.0 ± 16.2 52 20.5 ± 12.8
Herpes Simplex Virus type-2 prevalence (/100 women) 23 -6.1 0.08 10 42.9 ± 13.8 9 30.2 ± 21.6
Tuberculosis prevalence (/100,000) 110 25.9 0.01 48 244 ± 191 49 296 ± 244
Hepatitis C prevalence (/100 adults) 75 0.20 0.003 37 3.17 ± 3.90 34 3.46 ± 3.81
Syphilis prevalence (/10,000 women) 43 51.7 0.0006 20 295 ± 235 14 284 ± 317
Malaria prevalence (/10,000) 94 -31.7 0.0007 31 385 ± 887 31 331 ± 596
  1. SD – standard deviation.
  2. * R2 values and mean values in bold type had p-values <0.001 and in italics type had p-values <0.05. R2 values and mean values not in bold or italics type had p-values >0.05.
  3. 1 Male circumcision prevalence was coded as 1 = low (<20%), 2 = intermediate (20–80%), and 3 = high (>80%).
  4. 2 Regression analyses presented as natural log of HIV (prevalence/100,000 adults).