* p < 0.001 CHB group vs. inactive HBsAg carriers and control.
** p < 0.05 HBV related cirrhosis group vs. control.
Qualitative variables were assessed by Fisher's exact tests. Differences in continuous variables were evaluated by One-way analysis of variance with post hoc analysis using Tukey test. A p value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
CHB, chronic hepatitis B; HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antigen; HBV, hepatitis B virus; ALT, alanine aminotransferase.