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Table 2 Clinical features and management of diarrhoea cases, by organism isolated (excluding 38 cases with mixed infections)

From: The burden of diarrhoea, shigellosis, and cholera in North Jakarta, Indonesia: findings from 24 months surveillance

  Diarrhoea cases N = 16,187 Shigella Vibrio
   flexneriN = 844 sonneiN = 269 dysenteriaeN = 21 boydiiN = 38 choleraeO1 N = 143 choleraenon-O1 N = 171 parahaemolyticusN = 129
Mean (median) age in years 11 (2) 19 (11) 7 (2) 22 (8) 23 (20) 15 (7) 14 (3) 33 (32)
Number (%) female 7,643 (47) 479 (57) 135 (50) 7 (33) 25 (66) 78 (55) 84 (49) 75 (58)
Number (%) with liquid stool 15,543 (96) 787 (93) 250 (93) 18 (86) 35 (92) 140 (98) 166 (97) 129 (100)
Number (%) with bloody stool 1,174 (7) 213 (25) 42 (16) 2 (10) 8 (21) 6 (4) 11 (6) 5 (4)
Number (%) with vomiting 7,053 (44) 231 (27) 71 (26) 7 (33) 4 (11) 75 (53) 72 (42) 77 (60)
Number (%) who had taken antibiotics 607 (4) 42 (6) 8 (3) 0 0 5 (4) 3 (2) 1 (1)
Number (%) with severe dehydration 168 (1) 4 (1) 0 0 0 14 (10) 5 (3) 0
Number (%) with fever 5,164 (33) 279 (34) 89 (33) 8 (38) 7 (19) 24 (17) 52 (31) 25 (19)
Number (%) orally rehydrated 11,597 (72) 547 (65) 194 (72) 14 (67) 26 (68) 108 (76) 126 (74) 91 (71)
Number (%) intravenously rehydrated 2,338 (14) 77 (9) 12 (4) 2 (10) 2 (5) 49 (34) 23 (14) 33 (26)
Number (%) prescribed antibiotics 14,800 (97) 803 (98) 253 (98) 20 (100) 29 (100) 127 (98) 153 (90) 120 (93)
Number (%) referred to hospital 2,044 (13) 57 (7) 13 (5) 0 2 (5) 31 (22) 20 (12) 20 (16)