Log-transformed mean plasma total carotenoid concentrations with 95% C.I. are depicted by severity of wasting and plasma HIV load. Among not-wasted, mildly wasted, moderately wasted and severely wasted log mean plasma total carotenoid concentrations significantly decrease with the increase of plasma HIV load (P = 0.0001, P = 0.002, P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). Among the HIV negative adults, and those in the 1st and 2nd tertile of plasma HIV load, log mean plasma total carotenoid concentrations significantly decreased with the increasing severity of wasting (P = 0.007, P = 0.002 and P = 0.0001, respectively). This trend did not reach significance among those in the 3rd tertile of plasma HIV load.