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Table 1 Detection of Chlamydia spp. in emphysema by TEM and PCR

From: A comparative ultrastructural and molecular biological study on Chlamydia psittaci infection in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and non-alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency emphysema versus lung tissue of patients with hamartochondroma

Groups Cases C. psittaci C. pneumoniae Fisher Yates test vs. controls
AATD emphysema     
TEM 5 5 (100%) 0.00009
PCR 6 4 (66.7%) 1 (16.7%) 0.00310*
Non AATD emphysema     
TEM 34 27 (79.4%) 0.00000
PCR 31 9 (29.0%) 0 (0%) 0.03989
Controls     
TEM 14 0 (0%)  
PCR 14 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
  1. AATD = alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, * = for C. psittaci only