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Table 3 Some factors characterizing wealth in relation to high anti-HHV-8 antibody titers*

From: Risk factors for high anti-HHV-8 antibody titers (≥1:51,200) in black, HIV-1 negative South African cancer patients: a case control study

Characteristic high titer/total pos (%)¥ aOR * 95%CI
Walls of home (building materials used)   
Brick§ 268/727 (36.9) 1.0
Other 56/127 (44.1) 1.49 (1.01–2.21)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 4.04, p = 0.04
Location for cooking food now   
Inside home§ 308/808 (38.1) 1.0
Outside home 16/45 (35.6) 0.92 (0.49–1.73)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.06, p = 0.80
Type of fuel used for cooking food now   
Electricity § 229/597 (38.4) 1.0
Other 95/256 (37.1) 0.99 (0.73–1.34)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.01, p = 0.93
Type of fuel used for heating now   
Electricity§ 228/595 (38.3) 1.0
Other 96/258 (37.2) 1.00 (0.73–1.35)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.00, p = 0.98
Location for cooking food 20 years ago   
Inside§ 282/749 (37.7) 1.0
Outside 41/108 (39.8) 1.10 (0.72–1.69)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.20, p = 0.65
Type of fuel used for cooking food 20 years ago   
Other§ 306/771 (39.7) 1.0
Electricity 17/81 (21.0) 0.44 (0.25–0.78)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 8.08, p = 0.005
Type of fuel used for heating 20 years ago   
Other§ 307/773 (39.7) 1.0
Electricity 16/79 (20.3) 0.43 (0.25–0.73)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 8.5, p = 0.004
Eyes watering in house from smoke   
No§ 142/432 (32.9) 1.0
Yes/ 160/365 (43.8) 1.56 (1.16–2.08)
(More than 5 Years)   
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 8.82, p = 0.003
Working Now   
No§ 261/673 (38.7) 1.0
Yes 54/167 (32.3) 0.85 (0.58–1.26)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.72, p = 0.39
On pension/disability   
No§ 153/449 (34.1) 1.0
Yes 163/392 (41.6) 1.01 (0.67–1.52)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.00, p = 0.97
Occupational status   
White-collar§ 37/89 (41.6) 1.0
Non-active 31/99 (31.3) 0.71 (0.38–1.33)
Farming 14/41 (34.2) 0.63 (0.29–1.38)
Industry 72/181 (39.8) 0.85 (0.50–1.44)
Domestic 130/331 (39.3) 0.85 (0.52–1.41)
Unspecified 15/32 (46.9) 1.53 (0.65–3.59)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 (5df) = 4.49, p = 0.48
  1. * Adjusted for age category < 35, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, or ≥ 65 and sex. ¥ Data were not available for all patients for all variables. § These patients served as the reference group. All values were calculated with the χ2 test with 1 df unless noted otherwise.