Skip to main content

Table 2 Socio-demographic factors in relation to the risk of high anti-HHV-8 titers (≥ 1:51, 200) *

From: Risk factors for high anti-HHV-8 antibody titers (≥1:51,200) in black, HIV-1 negative South African cancer patients: a case control study

Characteristic high titer/total pos (%)¥ aOR * 95%CI
Sex   
Male§ 128/335 (38.2) 1.0
Female 196/518 (37.8) 1.08 (0.80–1.45)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.25, p = 0.62
Age group   
<35§ 10/48 (20.8) 1.0
35–44 36/113 (31.9) 1.76 (0.79–3.93)
45–54 69/190 (36.3) 2.16 (1.01–2.41)
55–64 87/220 (39.6) 2.48 (1.18–5.25)
≥ 65 122/281 (43.4) 2.96 (1.42–6.19)
Test for trend   χ2 = 11.16, p = 0.001
Educational level   
None§ 118/270 (43.7) 1.0
1–5 120/339 (35.4) 0.75 (0.54–1.05)
≥ 6 years 84/240 (35.0) 0.83 (0.57–1.21)
Test for trend   χ2 = 1.08, p = 0.30
Place of birth   
Rural § 192/516 (37.2) 1.0
Urban 125/312 (40.1) 1.29 (0.95–1.74)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 2.73, p = 0.10
Place of birth   
Other§ 212/558 (38.0) 1.0
Gauteng 112/290 (38.6) 1.16 (0.85–1.56)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.84, p = 0.36
Place of residence   
Urban§ 247/659 (37.5) 1.0
Rural 73/176 (41.5) 1.26 (0.89–1.78)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 1.84, p = 0.18
Place of residence   
Gauteng§ 243/648 (37.5) 1.0
Other 81/205 (39.5) 1.15 (0.83–1.60)
Test of Homogeneity   χ2 = 0.82, p = 0.37
  1. * Adjusted for age category < 35, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, or ≥ 65 and sex. ¥ Data were not available for all patients for all variables. § These patients served as the reference group. All values were calculated with the χ2 test with 1 df unless noted otherwise.