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Table 1 Sociodemographic Characteristics of Participants in relation to HHV-8 seropositivity and anti-HHV-8 titer level.

From: Risk factors for high anti-HHV-8 antibody titers (≥1:51,200) in black, HIV-1 negative South African cancer patients: a case control study

  Total No. HHV-8 neg (%) No. HHV-8 pos (%) No. low titer (%) No. med. titer (%) No. high titer (%)
TOTAL 2191 1337 (61.0) 854 (39.0) 530 (62.1) 227 (26.6) 97 (11.4)
Sex       
Male 857 (39.1) 522 (60.9) 335 (39.1) 207 (61.8) 85 (25.4) 43 (12.8)
Female 1334 (60.9) 815 (61.1) 519 (38.9) 323 (62.2) 142 (27.4) 54 (10.4)
Age group       
<35 205 (9.4) 157 (76.6) 48 (23.4) 38(79.2) 9(18.8) 1 (2.1)
35–44 333 (15.2) 220 (66.1) 113 (33.9) 77 (68.1) 31(27.4) 5 (4.4)
45–54 533 (24.4) 343 (64.4) 190 (35.7) 121 (63.7) 51 (26.8) 18(9.5)
55–64 539 (24.6) 319 (59.2) 220 (40.8) 133 (60.5) 60(27.3) 27(12.3)
≥ 65 578 (26.4) 297 (51.4) 281(48.6) 159 (56.6) 76(27.1) 46(16.4)
Marital status       
Single 527 (24.1) 352 (66.8) 175 (33.2) 124 (70.9) 42 (24.0) 9 (5.1)
Married 1161 (53.1) 703 (60.6) 458 (39.5) 292 (63.8) 115 (25.1) 51 (11.1)
Widowed 344 (15.7) 182 (52.9) 162 (47.1) 87 (53.7) 52 (32.1) 23 (14.2)
Divorced 153 (7.0) 95 (62.1) 58 (37.9) 27 (46.6) 18 (31.0) 13 (22.4)
Separated       
No. of lifetime sexual Partners       
0–2 455 (22.6) 288(63.3) 167 (36.7) 103 (61.7) 47 (28.1) 17 (10.2)
3–4 1051 (52.2) 628(59.8) 423 (40.3) 267 (63.1) 111 (26.2) 45 (10.6)
≥ 5 508 (25.2) 306(60.2) 202 (39.8) 123 (60.9) 51 (25.3) 28 (13.9)
Education       
None 581 (26.7) 310 (53.4) 271 (46.6) 153 (56.5) 82 (30.3) 36 (13.3)
1–5 years 878 (40.3) 539 (61.4) 339 (38.6) 219 (64.6) 83 (24.5) 37 (10.9)
≥ 6 years 719 (33.0) 479 (66.6) 240 (33.4) 156 (65.0) 60 (25.0) 24 (10.0)
Occupation       
White-collar 270 (13.5) 181 (67.0) 89 (33.0) 52 (58.4) 25 (28.1) 12 (13.5)
Non-active 237 (11.8) 138 (58.2) 99 (41.8) 68 (68.7) 21 (21.2) 10 (10.1)
Farming 97 (4.8) 56 (57.7) 41 (42.3) 27 (65.9) 7 (17.1) 7 (17.1)
Industry 559 (27.9) 378 (67.6) 181 (32.4) 109 (60.2) 47 (26.0) 25 (13.8)
Domestic 756 (37.7) 424 (56.1) 332 (43.9) 202 (60.8) 97 (29.2) 33 (9.9)
Unspecified 88 (4.4) 56 (63.6) 32 (36.4) 17 (53.1) 10 (31.3) 5 (15.6)
Place of birth       
Rural 1245 (59.0) 729 (58.6) 516 (41.5) 324 (62.8) 133 (25.8) 59 (11.4)
Urban 866 (41.0) 553 (63.9) 313 (36.1) 188 (60.1) 89 (28.4) 36 (11.5)
Place of residence       
Urban 1698 (79.6) 1038 (80.0) 259 (20.0) 413 (62.6) 170 (25.8) 77 (11.7)
Rural 435 (20.4) 660 (79.0) 176 (21.1) 103 (58.5) 54 (30.7) 19 (10.8)