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Table 1 Prevalence of HIV among children with TB [1421]

From: Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection in children

Study setting

Year

Study population

HIV prevalence

Reference

Zambia

1994

Children with clinical TB diagnosis (n=120)

56%

Luo et al Tuberc Lung Dis 1994 [14]

Johannesburg, South Africa

2008

Cultured confirmed cases of TB in children aged <14 years (n=1317)

52% in children with drug-susceptible TB; 53% in the 13 with MDR-TB

Fairlie et al BMC Inf Dis 2011[15]

Mumbai, India

2002

Children with disseminated TB (n=68)

16%

Karande et al J Trop Pediatr 2002 [16]

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

1999-2008

Children attending a reference hospital (n=473)

17% (but only 56% tested for HIV)

Matos et al J Pediatr 2012 [17]

Cape Town, South Africa

1999-2004

Children born in 1999 and diagnosed with TB in public health facilities up to 2004 (n=1607)

37% (but only 16% had HIV test results available)

Moyo et al Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2010 [18]

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

1996

Children aged 18-59 months with clinical TB diagnosis (n=189)

5.8%

Espinal et al J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1996 [19]

Durban, South Africa

1998-1999

Hospitalised children with culture-confirmed TB aged <13 years (n=118)

48%

Jeena et al Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2002 [20]

Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

1994-1995

Children aged 0-9 years with newly diagnosed TB (out- and in-patients) (n=161)

19%

Mukadi et al AIDS 1997 [21]