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Table 1 Prevalence of HIV among children with TB [1421]

From: Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection in children

Study setting Year Study population HIV prevalence Reference
Zambia 1994 Children with clinical TB diagnosis (n=120) 56% Luo et al Tuberc Lung Dis 1994 [14]
Johannesburg, South Africa 2008 Cultured confirmed cases of TB in children aged <14 years (n=1317) 52% in children with drug-susceptible TB; 53% in the 13 with MDR-TB Fairlie et al BMC Inf Dis 2011[15]
Mumbai, India 2002 Children with disseminated TB (n=68) 16% Karande et al J Trop Pediatr 2002 [16]
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1999-2008 Children attending a reference hospital (n=473) 17% (but only 56% tested for HIV) Matos et al J Pediatr 2012 [17]
Cape Town, South Africa 1999-2004 Children born in 1999 and diagnosed with TB in public health facilities up to 2004 (n=1607) 37% (but only 16% had HIV test results available) Moyo et al Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2010 [18]
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 1996 Children aged 18-59 months with clinical TB diagnosis (n=189) 5.8% Espinal et al J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1996 [19]
Durban, South Africa 1998-1999 Hospitalised children with culture-confirmed TB aged <13 years (n=118) 48% Jeena et al Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2002 [20]
Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire 1994-1995 Children aged 0-9 years with newly diagnosed TB (out- and in-patients) (n=161) 19% Mukadi et al AIDS 1997 [21]