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Table 4 Hierarchical logistic regression of forms of TB and clinical characteristics, Brazil, 2007 – 2011

From: Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Brazil: a hierarchical model

Level Characteristics   OR * CI (95%) **
Level 3 HIV/AIDS Negative Reference
   Positive 2.15 2.09 – 2.21
  Alcoholism No Reference
   Yes 0.45 0.43 – 0.46
  Diabetes No Reference
   Yes 0.54 0.51 – 0.57
  Mental illness No Reference
   Yes 0.88 0.82 – 0.95
  Other diseases No Reference
   Yes 1.18 1.15 – 1.22
Level 4 Admission type New cases Reference
   Relapse 0.65 0.62 – 0.69
   Readmission after dropout 0.39 0.37 – 0.42
   Unknown 0.66 0.53 – 0.81
   Transfer 1.31 1.24 – 1.37
  TST Negative Reference
   Positive 1.08 1.02 – 1.13
  AFB smear Negative Reference
   Positive 0.12 0.12 – 0.13
  Culture Negative Reference
   Positive 0.64 0.60 – 0.67
  Histopathology Negative Reference
   Positive 3.57 3.24 – 3.92
Level 5 DOT Not performed Reference
   Performed 0.69 0.67 – 0.71
  Exit condition Cure Reference
   Dropout 0.79 0.76 – 0.83
   Death by TB 0.73 0.68 – 0.79
   Death by other causes 1.05 1.00 – 1.12
   Transferal 1.24 1.18 – 1.30
   MDR-TB 0.43 0.27 – 0.68
  1. *OR: Odds Ratio of EPTB outcomes compared to PTB **CI: confidence interval TST: tuberculin skin test. AFB: acid-fast bacilli. DOT: Directly Observed Therapy. EPTB: extrapulmonary tuberculosis. PTB: pulmonary tuberculosis.