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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of EPTB and PTB in Brazil, 2007 – 2011

From: Epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Brazil: a hierarchical model

Characteristics N* Categories EPTB (%) (n = 53,853) PTB (%) (n = 356,341) P value**
Gender Female 22,472 (39.3) 115,541 (32.4) <0.001
(413,533) Male 34,743 (60.7) 240,777 (67.6)  
Age 0-14 years old 3,743 (6.4) 10,733 (3.0) <0.001
(409,981) 15– 24 years old 7,543(14.0) 60,798 (17.1)  
  25– 34 years old 13,219 (24.6) 85,045(23.9)  
  35 – 44 years old 11,349 (21.2) 70,565 (19.8)  
  45 – 54 years old 8,616 (16.0) 61,198 (17.2)  
  55 – 64 years old 5,040 (9.4) 36,748 (10.3)  
  >65 years old 4,545 (8.4) 31,064 (8.7)  
Skin color/race White 22,474 (45.2) 112,112 (36.0) <0.001
(361,362) Black 6,333 (12.8) 47,566 (15.3)  
  Brown 19,791 (39.9) 144,380 (46.3)  
  Asian 557 (1.1) 3,531 (1.1)  
  Indigenous 506 (1.0) 4,112 (1.3)  
Education Illiterate 1,432 (4.1) 18,873 (8.4) <0.001
(258,978) 1 – 4 years 8,662 (24.6) 77,014 (34.4)  
  5 – 8 years 10,242 (29.1) 69,786 (31.2)  
  9 – 12 years 8,493 (24.2) 39,089 (17.5)  
  >12 years 4,490 (12.8) 11,818 (5.3)  
  Non-applicable 1,818 (5.2) 7,261 (3.2)  
Dwelling Urban 37,948 (91.3) 241,956 (88.2) <0.001
(315,989) Rural 3,311 (8.0) 30,260 (11.0)  
  Peri-urban 273 (0.7) 2,241 (0.8)  
Institutionalization No 45,605 (93.3) 270,977 (88.8) <0.001
(354,189) Yes 3,249 (6.7) 34,358 (11.2)  
  1. *Number of valid observations. **Pearson’s chi-squared test.
  2. EPTB: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis. PTB: pulmonary tuberculosis.