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Table 1 Characteristics of the eligible studies

From: Prevalence of human Salmonellosis in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First authors Location Year of study Setting Age group Sample source Sample number Positive (%)
Ashenafi [30] Addis Ababa 1982-1983 Hospital Adults s 1000 45 4.5
Ghiorgis [31] Addis Ababa na Hospital Children b 634 28 4.4
Mache [32] Addis Ababa 1995 Hospital Adults s 700 45 6.4
Asrat [33] Addis Ababa 1996-1998 Hospital Adults b 1110 9 0.8
Nyeleti [34] Addis Ababa 1999 ap Adults s 300 18 6
Mache [35] Jimma 2000 Hospital Children s 384 59 15.4
Andualem [36] Addis Ababa 2000-2001 Hospital All s 205 22 10.7
Awole [37] Jimma 2001 Hospital Adults s 152 11 7.2
Awole [37] Jimma 2001 ho Adults s 220 0 0
Birhaneselassie[38] Dilla 2002 fh Adults s 107 1 0.9
Andargie [39] Gondar 2003 fh Adults s 127 0 0
Zewdu [40] Addis Ababa 2004 sm Adults s 68 5 7.4
Reda [41] Harar 2007 Hospital Adults s 244 28 11.5
Abera [42] Bahir Dar 2009 fh Adults s 384 6 1.6
Zenebe [43] Jimma 2009-2010 Hospital Adults b 260 1 0.4
Addis [44] Addis Ababa 2010 df Adults s 22 3 13.6
Dagnew [45] Gondar 2012 fh Adults s 300 4 1.3
Beyene [46]a Addis-Jimma 2006 Hospital Children s/r 1003 48 4.8
Beyene [46]a Addis-Jimma 2006 Hospital Children b 222 17 7.7
Beyene [46]a Addis Ababa 2004-2005 Hospital Children na na 48 na
Gebre-yohannes [47] Addis Ababa 1974-1981 Hospital All m na 216 na
Gedebou [48] Addis Ababa 1975-1980 Hospital All m na 165 na
Wolday [49] Addis Ababa 1993-1996 Hospital na m na 110 na
  1. Addis-Jimma = Addis Ababa and Jimma, ap = abattoir personnel, b = blood, df = dairy farm attendants, fh = food handlers, ho = samples taken in a hospital from patients with complaints other than gastro-enteritis and fever, m = mixed samples, na = not available, s = stool, sm = supermarket personnel, s/r = stool or rectal swabs.
  2. aThe number of stool and blood samples and Salmonella positive samples were extracted from the Thesis but other data were extracted from the article.