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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate hazard ratios for the association between male circumcision and clearance of transient genital HPV infection

From: Male circumcision and the incidence and clearance of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in men: the HPV Infection in men (HIM) cohort study

  Any HPV Oncogenic HPV Non-Oncogenic HPV
    Univariatea Multivariateb    Univariatea Multivariatec    Univariatea Multivariated
Circumcision Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI) Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI) Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI)
No 2806/ 4434 63.3 1.00 1.00 1106/ 1624 68.1 1.00 1.00 1700/ 2810 60.5 1.00 1.00
Yes 1665/ 2515 66.2 0.95 (0.88 – 1.03) 0.98 (0.90 – 1.06) 745/ 1066 69.9 0.88 (0.77 – 1.00) 0.91 (0.80 – 1.04) 920/ 1449 63.5 0.99 (0.89 – 1.10) 1.01 (0.91 – 1.13)
Total 4471/ 6949     1851/ 2690     2620/ 4259    
  1. aAdjusted for age and country;
  2. bCox model stratified by country and age, and adjusted for lifetime number of female sexual partners, recent number of male anal sex partners, smoking status, HPV status at baseline, and six-month visit compliance status;
  3. cCox model stratified by country and age, and adjusted for lifetime number of female sexual partners, lifetime number of male anal sex partners, HPV status at baseline, and six-month visit compliance status;
  4. dCox model stratified by country and age, and adjusted for recent number of female sexual partners, recent number of male anal sex partners, smoking status, HPV status at baseline, and six-month visit compliance status.
  5. NOTE: Unit of analysis: infections; Excluded 120 infections that were a combination of persistent and transient infection; Abbreviations: Inf., infections; HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval; AHR, adjusted hazard ratio.