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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate hazard ratios for the association between male circumcision and incidence of genital HPV infection

From: Male circumcision and the incidence and clearance of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in men: the HPV Infection in men (HIM) cohort study

  Any HPV Oncogenic HPV Non-Oncogenic HPV
    Univariatea Multivariateb    Univariatea Multivariatec    Univariatea Multivariated
Circumcision Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI) Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI) Inf./ Total % HR (95% CI) AHR (95% CI)
No 555/ 1174 47.3 1.00 1.00 584/ 1795 32.5 1.00 1.00 596/ 1441 41.4 1.00 1.00
Yes 359/ 745 48.2 1.08 (0.92 – 1.27) 1.08 (0.91 – 1.27) 369/ 1035 35.7 1.11 (0.94 – 1.31) 1.11 (0.94 – 1.31) 372/ 917 40.6 1.09 (0.93 – 1.28) 1.11 (0.94 – 1.30)
Total 914/ 1919     953/ 2830     968/ 2358    
  1. aAdjusted for age and country;
  2. bAdjusted for country, age, marital status, lifetime number of female sexual partners, recent number of female sexual partners, recent number of male anal sex partners, and six-month visit compliance status;
  3. cAdjusted for country, age, marital status, lifetime number of female sexual partners, recent number of female sexual partners, and recent number of male anal sex partners;
  4. dCox model stratified by age and adjusted for country, marital status, lifetime number of female sexual partners, recent number of female sexual partners, lifetime number of male anal sex partners, and six-month visit compliance status;
  5. NOTE: Unit of analysis: men; Inf., infections; HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval; AHR, adjusted hazard ratio.