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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression analyses of correlates of KSHV and HSV2 infection among general population women (n = 600)

From: Kaposi`s sarcoma associated herpesvirus infection among female sex workers and general population women in Shanghai, China: a cross-sectional study

  KSHV seroprevalence (%) AOR (95%CI) P value HSV2 seroprevalence (%) AOR (95%CI) P value
Ethnicity       
 Han 63/576 (10.9) 1.00   86/576 (14.9) 1.00  
 Other 3/24 (12.5) 1.10 (0.31-3.93) 0.889 6/24 (25.0) 1.70 (0.62-4.66) 0.302
Age (years)       
 18-25 29/262 (11.1) 1.00   26/262 (9.9) 1.00  
 26-35 21/175 (12.0) 1.03 (0.49-2.19) 0.932 27/175 (15.4) 1.21 (0.60-2.45) 0.603
 >35 16/163 (9.8) 0.76 (0.31-1.88) 0.551 39/163 (23.9) 2.29 (1.07-4.93) 0.034
Marital status       
 Single 20/187 (10.7) 1.00   17/187 (9.1) 1.00  
 Ever married 46/413 (11.1) 1.99 (0.61-6.50) 0.254 75/413 (18.2) 1.18 (0.46-3.05) 0.726
Education       
 Primary school or illiterate 7/75 (9.3) 1.00   15/75 (20.0) 1.00  
 Middle school 31/311 (10.0) 1.07 (0.42-2.72) 0.884 48/311 (15.4) 0.91 (0.39-2.12) 0.834
 High school or higher 28/214 (13.1) 1.59 (0.57-4.45) 0.373 29/214 (13.6) 0.96 (0.54-1.68) 0.881
Monthly income (Yuan RMB)       
 ≤2000 39/361 (10.8) 1.00   52/316 (14.4) 1.00  
 2001-4000 26/231 (11.3) 1.01 (0.57-1.75) 0.994 37/231 (16.0) 1.11 (0.67-1.83) 0.684
 >4000 1/8 (12.5) 1.07 (0.12-10.09) 0.955 3/8 (37.5) 2.03 (0.41-10.13) 0.380
Age at first sex (years)*       
 <18 4/35 (11.4) 1.00   5/35 (14.3) 1.00  
 ≥18 62/565 (11.0) 0.74 (0.24-2.34) 0.613 87/565 (15.4) 1.44 (0.50-4.17) 0.501
Number of sex partners in the past 12 months**       
 0 17/140 (12.1) 1.00   9/140 (6.4) 1.00  
 1 44/422 (10.4) 0.78 (0.27-2.27) 0.657 71/422 (16.8) 2.54 (0.82-7.94) 0.107
 2-5 5/38 (13.2) 1.07 (0.22-5.21) 0.934 12/38 (31.6) 6.44 (1.67-24.93) 0.007
Condom use in the past 12 months       
 Consistently 5/53 (9.4) 1.00   12/53 (22.6) 1.00  
 Occasionally 18/203 (8.9) 0.94 (0.32-2.69) 0.899 31/203 (15.3) 0.52 (0.23-1.14) 0.101
 Never 43/344 (12.5) 1.69 (0.59-4.86) 0.330 49/344 (14.2) 0.63 (0.28-1.42) 0.266
HBsAg       
 Negative 59/541 (10.9) 1.00   79/541 (14.6) 1.00  
 Positive 7/59 (11.9) 1.06 (0.45-2.49) 0.895 13/59 (22.0) 1.98 (0.98-4.02) 0.055
Syphilis       
 Negative 65/583 (11.1) 1.00   85/583 (14.6) 1.00  
 Positive 1/17 (5.9) 0.50 (0.06-3.97) 0.512 7/17 (41.2) 3.94 (1.38-11.23) 0.010
KSHV       
 Negative --- --- --- 81/534 (15.2) 1.00  
 Positive --- --- --- 11/66 (16.7) 1.15 (0.56-2.39) 0.700
HSV2       
 Negative 55/508 (10.8) 1.00   --- --- ---
 Positive 11/92 (12.0) 1.17 (0.57-2.41) 0.677 --- --- ---
  1. Note: OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, which were adjusted for other variables listed in this table by a multiple logistic regression analysis.
  2. *≥ 18 groups including those who never had sex before. ** participants had no sex partnership in prior 12 months including those who never had sex.