Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics comparing children attending public daycare centers in Niterói, Brazil in aglomerados subnormais (AGSN) and non-AGSN census tracts

From: High prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureuscolonization among healthy children attending public daycare centers in informal settlements in a large urban center in Brazil

   Total population (n = 500)* Non-AGSN (n = 412) AGSN (n = 88)  
n n p-value
S. aureus colonization   240 (48%)   182 (44%)   58 (66%) < 0.001
Methicillin-susceptible S. aureus colonization   209 (42%)   163 (40%)   46 (52%) 0.028
Methicillin-resistant S. aureus colonization   31 (6.2%)   19 (5%)   12 (14%) 0.001
Gender    412   88   0.990
Male 256 (51%)   211 (51%)   45 (51%)  
Female 244 (49%)   201 (49%)   43 (49%)  
Ethnicity    382   81   0.132
White 141 (28%)   122 (30%)   19 (22%)  
Non-white 322 (64%)   260 (63%)   62 (70%)  
Mean age in years (standard deviation)   4.02 87 3.83 407 4.07 0.138
(1.35)   (1.38)   (1.34)
Mean time enrolled at DCC in months (standard deviation)   17.12 85 18.48 389 16.83 0.302
(13.33)   (14.80)   (12.98)
ß-Lactam antibiotic use in the previous thirty days    387   83   0.596
Yes 78 (16%)   58 (14%)   20 (23%)  
No 392 (78%)   329 (80%)   63 (72%)  
Hospitalization in the previous twelve months    386   88   0.454
Yes 48 (10%)   41 (10%)   7 (8%)  
No 426 (85%)   345 (84%)   81 (92%)  
Cohabitant hospitalized in the previous twelve months    411   88   0.800
Yes 49 (10%)   41 (10%)   8 (9%)  
No 450 (90%)   370 (90%)   80 (91%)  
Cohabitant is an employee at a health care facility    400   88   0.280
Yes 42 (8%)   37 (9%)   5 (6%)  
No 446 (89%)   363 (88%)   83 (94%)  
Mother has not completed primary education (1–8 years)    362   83   0.091
No 267 (53%)   224 (54%)   43 (49%)  
Yes 178 (36%)   138 (33%)   40 (45%)  
Household income less than two times minimum wage    362   80   0.335
No 119 (24%)   268 (65%)   55 (63%)  
Yes 323 (65%)   94 (23%)   25 (28%)  
More than five household co-habitants    412   88   0.643
No 340 (68%)   282 (68%)   58 (66%)  
Yes 149 (30%)   130 (32%)   30 (34%)  
Shared fomites at home (bed, clothing, towels)    411   88   0.802
Yes 152 (30%)   127 (31%)   26 (30%)  
No 346 (69%)   284 (69%)   62 (70%)  
Time sampled (months after initial sampling)    412   88   < 0.001
≤6 m 131 (26%)   131 (32%)   47 (53%)  
>6 m 281 (56%)   281 (68%)   41 (47%)  
Residence located within 50 m of AGSN census tract    294   62   0.001
No 205 (41%   181 (44%)   24 (27%)  
Yes 151 (30%)   113 (27%)   38 (43%)
  1. *May not total 100% as data reporting for some characteristics were incomplete.