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Table 3 Univariate analysis of associations between knowledge scores and demographic characteristics of the study cohort

From: Health literacy in patients with chronic hepatitis B attending a tertiary hospital in Melbourne: a questionnaire based survey

Sociodemographic characteristics No. (%) Median knowledge score Interquartile range p-value
Gender Male 35 (67) 7.5 5-8.8 0.0268**
Female 16 (33) 8 7.75-9.5  
Interpreter used None 42 (82) 8 6-9  
Trained 5 (9) 7 3-8 0.059
Family/Friend 4 (8) 7.75 5.25-9.25 0.69
English Literacy Yes 39 (76) 6.8 4.25-8 0.045**
No 12 (24) 8 6-9.5  
Lived in a refugee camp Yes 13(25) 8 7-8.5 0.63
No 38 (75) 7.5 5.5-9  
Time in Australia Continuous -    0.65
<2 years 0    
2-5 years 8 (16) 7.25 5.25-9.5  
5-10 Years 19 (35) 7.5 6-9.5 0.97
>10 Years 24 (49) 8 7.25-8.75 0.79
Educational level Primary 4 (8) 5.75 3.75-8.25  
Secondary 19 (37) 7.5 5-8.5 0.48
Tertiary 13 (25) 8 7.5-9.5 0.05**
Tertiary + 15 (29) 8 6-10 0.14
Clinic Public hepatitis 22 8 5.5-9  
Immigrant and refugee 7 7 4.5-8 0.34
Privatised hepatitis 22 7.5 6-9.5 0.24
Time since diagnosis < 1 year 3 (6) 5.5 5-7.5  
2-5 18 (35) 7.5 6-8 0.45
6-15 17 (33) 8 6-10  
>16 13 (25) 8 7-9 0.22
Country diagnosed Australia 41 (80) 7.5 5.5-8.5 0.19
Other 10 (20) 8.5 6.5-10.5  
Seen clinician previously n = 44 Yes 27 (61) 8 7-9.5 0.010**
No 17 (39) 6 4.5-8  
No. of years seeing clinician     0.003**
Know anyone else with HBV No-one 24 (47) 7.3 5.25-8  
Family 20 (39) 8.3 7.75-9.5 0.007**
Friends 3 (6) 8 4.5-10  
Both 2 (4) 6.3 4.5-8 0.73
Not specified 2 (4) 5.8 4-7.5  
Family comfortable Yes 47(92) 7.8 6-8.75 0.94
No 4(8) 8 6-9  
Friend comfortable Yes 32(63) 8 7.25-9.25 0.049**
No 19(37)   4.5-8  
Age Continuous     0.21
Under 30 11 8 6-10  
30-45 21 8 7-9 0.75
46-60 11 7.5 6-9.5 0.96
61 and over 8 6.8 4.75-8.25 0.19
  1. **Significant at ≤ 0.05.