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Table 6 Factors associated with the presence of leucopenia

From: Prevalence and correlates of cytopenias in HIV-infected adults initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

Results of uni- and multivariable log-binomial regression models
Covariate Univariable (n = 400) Multivariable‡ (n = 397*)
  PR (95% CI) p value PR (95% CI) p value
CD4 count cells/μl     
  <50 1   1  
  50 to <200 0.23 (0.13 to 0.42) <0.001 0.23 (0.13 to 0.42) <0.001
  200 to <350 0.17 (0.08 to 0.37) <0.001 0.17 (0.08 to 0.37) <0.001
  ≥ 350 0.30 (0.07 to 1.22) 0.094 0.30 (0.07 to 1.22) 0.094
Sex     
  Male 1    
  Female 1.05 (0.64 to 1.74) 0.834   
Age, years     
  18 to < 30 1    
  30 to < 35 1.16 (0.59 to 2.30) 0.669   
  35 to < 41 1.07 (0.57 to 2.01) 0.822   
  ≥ 41 0.97 (0.50 to 1.86) 0.918   
BMI*     
  under weight 1    
  normal 2.15 (0.72 to 6.37) 0.168   
  over weight 2.34 (0.75 to 7.29) 0.144   
  Incomplete information* - -   
HAART status at recruitment    
  Not using HAART 1    
  AZT-based HAART 0.20 (0.03 to 1.58) 0.128   
  Non-AZT based HAART 0.89 (0.56 to 1.41) 0.616   
Education level     
  None 1    
  Minimum Primary 0.39 (0.12 to 1.29) 0.124   
  Minimum Secondary 0.48 (0.14 to 1.61) 0.234   
  Tertiary 0.53 (0.14 to 2.03) 0.355   
  Don’t know - -   
Employment status     
  Unemployed 1    
  Employed 1.33 (0.66 to 2.69) 0.430   
Marital status     
  Not married 1    
  Married 1.37 (0.85 to 2.20) 0.195   
Presence/history of oral candidiasis    
  No 1    
  Yes 1.24 (0.74 to 2.10) 0.417   
Presence/history of fever     
  No 1    
  Yes 0.77 (0.49 to 1.22) 0.272   
  1. Multivariable model only includes variables for which data are shown below because all others were lacking significance.
  2. *Three participants with missing BMI could not be included in the log-binomial regression model because the outcome did not vary in this group.
  3. One participant with unknown education level was excluded from analysis because the outcome did not vary in this stratum.