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Table 4 Factors associated with the presence of anemia

From: Prevalence and correlates of cytopenias in HIV-infected adults initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy in Uganda

Results of uni- and multivariable log-binomial regression models
Covariate Univariable (n = 400) Multivariable‡ (n = 397*)
  PR (95% CI) p value PR (95% CI) p value
Sex     
  Male 1   1  
  Female 2.24 (1.44 to 3.49) <0.001 2.97 (1.85 to 4.77) <0.001
BMI     
  under weight 1   1  
  normal 0.41 (0.18 to 0.93) 0.033 0.43 (0.19 to 0.99) 0.048
  over weight 0.21 (0.09 to 0.51) 0.001 0.17 (0.07 to 0.41) <0.001
  Incomplete information* 0.82 (0.07 to 10.20) 0.876 1.69 (0.13 to 21.61) 0.686
CD4 count cells/μl     
  <50 1    
  50 to <200 0.93 (0.52 to 1.64) 0.795   
  200 to <350 0.73 (0.38 to 1.42) 0.361   
  ≥ 350 0.69 (0.20 to 2.42) 0.563   
Age, years     
  18 to < 30 1    
  30 to < 35 1.18 (0.65 to 2.13) 0.588   
  35 to < 41 0.98 (0.57 to 1.67) 0.928   
  ≥ 41 1.20 (0.69 to 2.08) 0.516   
HAART status at recruitment    
  Not using HAART 1    
  AZT-based HAART 1.69 (0.58 to 4.93) 0.336   
  Non-AZT based HAART 1.02 (0.69 to 1.53) 0.911   
Education level     
  None 1    
  Minimum Primary 1.89 (0.55 to 6.46) 0.312   
  Minimum Secondary 2.03 (0.58 to 7.04) 0.265   
  Tertiary 1.33 (0.34 to 5.18) 0.678   
  Unknown† - -   
Employment status     
  Unemployed 1    
  Employed 0.67 (0.38 to 1.19) 0.170   
Marital status     
  Not married 1    
  Married 0.86 (0.56 to 1.30) 0.464   
Presence/history of oral candidiasis    
  No 1    
  Yes 1.62 (1.01 to 2.57) 0.043   
Presence/history of fever     
  No 1    
  Yes 1.28 (0.86 to 1.89) 0.221   
  1. Multivariable model only includes variables for which data are shown below because all others were lacking significance.
  2. One participant with unknown education level was excluded from analysis because the outcome did not vary in this stratum. *Three subjects with missing BMI could not be not included in the log-binomial regression model because the outcome did not vary, thus n=397 for the multivariable analysis and for the BMI univariable analysis.