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Table 1 Sociodemographic, water and sanitation, and other potential correlates of hospitalization for diarrhea among icddr,b patients ≥ 5 years old, Bangladesh, 2000-2008

From: Risk factors for diarrhea hospitalization in Bangladesh, 2000–2008: a case-case study of cholera and shigellosis

  Cholera (n = 3,072) Shigella (n = 638)
N %a N %a
Sociodemographic     
Age (yrs.)     
  5-15 772 25 96 15
  16-25 999 33 143 22
  26-35 530 17 89 14
  36-45 326 11 84 13
  46+ 445 14 226 35
Female sex 1479 48 335 53
No. household members     
  <3 554 18 124 19
  4 580 19 111 17
  5 659 21 140 22
  6 484 16 98 15
  7+ 792 26 165 26
Education b     
  None 2391 78 447 70
  1-5 years 391 13 109 17
  6-9 years 219 7 52 8
  >9 years 71 2 30 5
Household income (USD/mo.)     
  >84 1205 39 324 51
  50-84 1274 42 216 34
  34-49 400 13 70 11
  ≤34 193 6 28 4
Urban residence 2014 666 189 30
Residence in a slum 342 17 25 13
Homeownership 1219 40 463 73
Cement floor in home 1446 47 426 67
Sanitation & water     
Improved toilet facilities 1414 46 188 30
Distance to drinking water (meters)     
  0 477 16 72 11
  <10 1619 53 319 50
  10-19 403 13 90 14
  20-50 324 11 82 13
  >50 249 8 75 12
Source of water     
  Tap 1787 58 175 28
  Tube well 318 10 66 10
  Surfacec 965 31 396 62
Drinking water treatment     
  None 2312 75 530 83
  Boiling 694 23 91 14
  Other 66 2 17 3
Other potential correlates     
Distance to hospital (km)     
  ≤3 281 9 143 22
  >3 & ≤5 475 15 169 26
  >5 & ≤7 422 14 86 14
  >7 1892 62 240 38
Family member with diarrhea in past week 478 16 42 7
Season     
Hot: March – June 1177 38 180 28
Rain: June – October 1377 45 255 40
Dry/Cool: October – March 518 17 203 32
  1. aPercentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.
  2. bEducation of patient for those ≥15 years of age; education of mother for those <15 years old.
  3. cWater from rivers, ponds, and ditches was categorized as surface water.