Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics and stool microscopic examination findings among individuals of TS gastroenteritis with diarrhea patients negative for TS in rural Matlab (2000–2012)

From: Gastroenteritis due to typhoidal Salmonella: a decade of observation at an urban and a rural diarrheal disease hospital in Bangladesh

Characteristic TS n = 290 (%) Diarrhea patients negative for TS n = 870 (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Male sex 161 (56) 440 (51) 1.22 (0.93, 1.61) 0.1 -
Age stratum     -
0-14 years 116 (40) 348 (40) 1.00 (0.76, 1.32) 0.9 -
15 years and above 174 (60) 552 (60) - -
Maternal illiteracy 25/116 (22) 65/348 (19) 1.20 (0.69, 2.07) 0.5 -
Paternal illiteracy 27/116 (23) 84/348 (24) 0.95 (0.56, 1.61) 0.9 -
Poor socio-economic status (median monthly family income < US$115) 168 (58) 467 (54) 1.19 (0.90, 1.57) 0.2 -
Use of non-sanitary toilet 245 (85) 0 (0) <0.001 (0.00) <0.001 -
H/o abdominal pain 158 (55) 440 (51) 1.17 (0.89, 1.54) 0.2 -
H/o vomiting in the last 24 hours 219 (76) 570 (66) 1.62 (1.19, 2.22) 0.002 1.88 (1.35, 2.64) <0.001
Fever (Temperature ≥37.8°C) 100 (35) 128 (15) 3.05 (2.22, 4.19) <0.001 22.90 (2.08, 4.06) <0.001
Watery stool (lack of mucus/blood) 237 (82) 692 (80) 1.15 (0.81, 1.64) 0.4 -
Dehydration (moderate/severe) 152 (52) 417 (48) 1.20 (0.91, 1.58) 0.2 -
Duration of diarrhea (>1 day) 155 (53) 317 (36) 2.00 (1.52, 2.64) <0.001 1.78 (1.30, 2.44) <0.001
Hospital stay of ≥24 hours 148 (51) 407 (47) 1.19 (0.90, 1.56) 0.2 -
Use of IV rehydration 50 (17) 210 (24) 0.65 (0.46, 0.93) 0.018 0.74 (0.50, 1.09) 0.124
Use of antimicrobial at home 158 (55) 211 (24) 3.74 (2.88, 4.99) <0.001 3.15 (2.33, 4.27) <0.001
Wasting (<5 years) 28/95 (30) 73/319 (23) 1.41 (0.82, 2.42) 0.2 -
Stunting (<5 years) 31/95 (33) 101/319 (32) 1.05 (0.62, 1.75) 0.9 -
Underweight (<5 years) 32/95 (34) 125/320 (40) 0.79 (0.48, 1.32) 0.4 -
Fecal red blood cell/hpf (1 to >50) 207 (71) 508 (58) 1.78 (1.32, 2.40) <0.001 1.11 (0.67, 1.82) 0.7
Fecal leukocytes/hpf (11 to >50) 241 (83) 630 (72) 1.87 (1.31, 2.68) <0.001 1.44 (0.87, 2.39) 0.2
Fecal macrophage/hpf (1 to 10) 151 (52) 285 (33) 2.23 (1.69, 2.95) <0.001 1.89 (1.29, 2.74) 0.001