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Table 2 Distribution of presentation and treatment characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) cases according to HIV status in Brazil, 2007-2011

From: Factors associated with tuberculosis by HIV status in the Brazilian national surveillance system: a cross sectional study

Characteristics (N*) TB-HIV TB only P**
  n (%) n (%)  
Type of Entry (243,676)    
 New case 34,278 (73.77) 165,449 (83.89) < 0,001
 Relapse 4,418 (9.51) 12,235 (6.20)  
 Return after default 4,681 (10.07) 10,471 (5.31)  
 Unknown 240 (0.52) 245 (0.12)  
 Transferred 2,849 (6.13) 8,810 (4.47)  
Tuberculin skin test (40,313)    
 Negative 4,841 (58.83) 12,060 (37.59) < 0,001
 Positive 3,388 (41.17) 20,024 (62.41)  
TB form (243,670)    
 Pulmonary 29,738 (64.00) 165,978 (84.16) < 0,001
 Extra pulmonary 11,193 (24.09) 25,949 (13.16)  
 Pulmonary + Extra pulmonary 5,531 (11.90) 5,281 (2.68)  
X-Ray (208,432)    
 Negative 5,212 (13.40) 10,178 (6.00) < 0,001
 Suspicious of TB 33,676 (86.60) 159,366 (94.00)  
Smear (199,235)    
 Negative 15,793 (47.78) 50,945 (30.66) < 0,001
 Positive 17,258 (52.22) 115,239 (69.34)  
Culture (60,671)    
 Negative 4,421 (40.76) 19,456 (39.05) < 0,001
 Positive 6,425 (59.24) 30,369 (60.95)  
Histopathologic examination (28,618)    
 AFB*** positive 3,256 (46.91) 6,922 (31.93) < 0,001
 Suggestive 3,217 (46.35) 13,411 (61.87)  
 Not suggestive 468 (6.74) 1,344 (61.87)  
DOT**** (226,736)    
 No 25,644 (61.68) 86,190 (46.55) < 0,001
 Yes 15,935 (38.32) 98,967 (53.45)  
Outcome (215,884)    
 Cure 21,404 (55.75) 150,782 (84.95) < 0,001
 Default 7,247 (18.88) 17,474 (9.84)  
 Death from TB 2,700 (7.03) 4,296 (2.42)  
 Death from other causes 6,835 (17.80 3,895 (2.19)  
 MDR-TB 206 (0.54) 1.045 (0.59)  
  1. *Number of valid observations. **Pearson’s chi-squared test. ***AFB: acid-fast bacilli.; ****DOT: Directly Observed Therapy.