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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) cases according to HIV status in Brazil, 2007-2011

From: Factors associated with tuberculosis by HIV status in the Brazilian national surveillance system: a cross sectional study

Characteristics (N*) TB-HIV TB only p**
  n (%) n (%)  
Gender (243,670)    
 Female 13,899 (29.91) 64,862 (32.89) < 0,001
 Male 32,567 (70.09) 132,342 (67.11)  
Age (243,676)    
 <20 years 715 (1.54) 12,042 (6.11) < 0,001
 20-39 years 26,610 (57.27) 94,448 (47.89)  
 40-59 years 17,554 (37.78) 67,495 (34.22)  
 ≥60 years 1,587 (3.42) 23,225 (11.78)  
Skin color (225,264)    
 White 19,919 (47.10) 86,109 (47.06) < 0,001
 Black 6,716 (15.88) 23,432 (12.81)  
 Browns 15,253 (36.06) 70,377 (38.46)  
 Other 406 (0.96) 3,052 (1.67)  
School level (123,482)    
 <4 years 8,970 (38.06) 42,378 (42.41) < 0,001
 4-7 years 7,418 (31.48) 24,672 (24.69)  
 ≥ 8 years 7,179 (30.46) 32,865 (32.89)  
Area of residence (165,113)    
 Urban 32,049 (95.57) 119,150 (90.56) < 0,001
 Rural 1,301 (3.88) 11,406 (8.67)  
 Periurban 186 (0.55) 1,021 (0.78)  
Institutionalization*** (202,340)    
 No 35,878 (92.63) 152,237 (93.05) 0.004
 Yes 2,853 (7.37) 11,372 (6.95)  
Diabetes (220,039)    
 No 40,213 (97.35) 166,625 (93.23) < 0,001
 Yes 1,095 (2.65) 12,106 (6.77)  
Alcoholism (221,868)    
 No 34,161 (82.60) 149,930 (83.06) 0,027
 Yes 7,194 (17.40) 30,583 (16.94)  
  1. *Number of valid observations. **Pearson’s chi-squared test. ***prisoners.