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Table 4 Multinomial logistic regression of non-hazardous and hazardous drinking compared to no current drinking in the year following HCT, among HIV infected baseline drinkers

From: Decreases in self-reported alcohol consumption following HIV counseling and testing at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

  Current, non-hazardous drinking RRR (95% CI) Current, hazardous drinking RRR (95% CI)
  Bivariable Multivariable Bivariable Multivariable
Gender     
Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Male 1.93 (1.32, 2.82) 1.92 (1.31, 2.82) 1.65 (0.96, 2.86) 1.42 (0.78, 2.56)
Age (years)     
18–25 1.00 - 1.00 -
26–35 1.00 (0.62, 1.59)   0.76 (0.38, 1.55)  
>35 1.21 (0.70, 2.08)   0.80 (0.35, 1.81)  
Education     
Primary education or less 1.00 - 1.00 -
More than primary education 1.17 (0.81, 1.71)   1.25 (0.72, 2.16)  
Occupation     
Laborer 1.00 - 1.00 -
Business/sales/technical 0.72 (0.47, 1.10)   0.96 (0.53, 1.74)  
Other 0.86 (0.51, 1.46)   1.14 (0.55, 2.35)  
Religion     
Protestant 1.00 - 1.00 -
Catholic 0.87 (0.58, 1.29)   0.83 (0.47, 1.45)  
Moslem 0.66 (0.32, 1.34)   0.46 (0.15, 1.48)  
Saved/Pentecostal/Other 0.49 (0.18, 1.37)   0.86 (0.24, 3.01)  
Marital status     
Married 1.00 - 1.00 -
Previously married 0.79 (0.53, 1.17)   0.92 (0.51, 1.64)  
Never married 0.83 (0.46, 1.51)   1.51 (0.70, 3.24)  
Household assets     
Low 1.00 - 1.00 -
Medium 1.04 (0.69, 1.56)   1.20 (0.67, 2.15)  
High 0.91 (0.50, 1.64)   1.60 (0.75, 3.43)  
How often do household members go hungry?     
Sometimes/Often (>2 times/month) 1.00 - 1.00 -
Seldom (1–2 times/month) 0.76 (0.39, 1.49)   1.00 (0.41, 2.46)  
Never 0.81 (0.50, 1.32)   0.85 (0.43, 1.69)  
Social support     
Strong support 1.00 - 1.00 -
Moderate support 0.59 (0.36, 0.96)   0.58 (0.28, 1.19)  
Poor support 0.69 (0.38, 1.25)   0.90 (0.41, 1.99)  
Hazardous alcohol use at baseline?     
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.49 (0.96, 2.31) 1.42 (0.91, 2.23) 3.21 (1.79, 5.75) 3.15 (1.74, 5.70)
Any household members consumed alcohol, past 3 months     
None 1.00 - 1.00 -
Any 1.04 (0.68, 1.59)   1.52 (0.85, 2.72)  
Recruitment site     
Inpatient wards 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Outpatient clinics 1.04 (0.62, 1.75) 1.09 (0.65, 1.83) 0.70 (0.34, 1.42) 0.65 (0.30, 1.41)
Emergency/casualty wards 0.52 (0.27, 1.01) 0.57 (0.29, 1.13) 0.24 (0.08, 0.72) 0.26 (0.08, 0.85)
Reasons for HIV testing     
Just wanted to know/plan for future 1.00 - 1.00 -
AIDS symptoms/concern about current illness 0.84 (0.57, 1.24)   1.40 (0.80, 2.46)  
Other 1.50 (0.64, 3.49)   2.71 (0.93, 7.92)  
HCT arm     
Abbreviated HCT 1.00 - 1.00 -
Traditional HCT 0.96 (0.66, 1.41)   1.01 (0.59, 1.72)  
Linkage to care arm     
Enhanced linkage to care 1.00 - 1.00 -
Standard linkage to care 0.97 (0.67, 1.42)   0.98 (0.57, 1.67)  
Follow-up month     
3 months 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
6 months 0.83 (0.56, 1.21) 0.89 (0.60, 1.33) 0.65 (0.40, 1.08) 0.68 (0.40, 1.16)
9 months 1.27 (0.88, 1.84) 1.48 (1.00, 2.22) 0.75 (0.42, 1.36) 0.84 (0.45, 1.57)
12 months 0.69 (0.47, 1.01) 0.83 (0.54, 1.26) 0.78 (0.48, 1.26) 0.88 (0.52, 1.49)
Baseline CD4 count     
<200 1.00 - 1.00 -
200–349 1.59 (0.94, 2.68)   1.15 (0.53, 2.47)  
350–499 1.81 (1.03, 3.18)   1.50 (0.68, 3.28)  
> = 500 1.60 (0.95, 2.71)   1.47 (0.68, 3.19)  
Taking ART?     
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 0.52 (0.36, 0.76) 0.50 (0.33, 0.76) 0.68 (0.38, 1.21) 0.61 (0.33, 1.13)
  1. RRR: Relative risk ratio.
  2. CI: Confidence interval.