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Table 2 Multinomial logistic regression of past, current non-hazardous, and current hazardous drinking status at baseline compared to lifetime abstaining

From: Decreases in self-reported alcohol consumption following HIV counseling and testing at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

  Past drinking RRR (95% CI) Current, non-hazardous drinking RRR (95% CI) Current, hazardous drinking RRR (95% CI)
  Bivariable Multivariable Bivariable Multivariable Bivariable Multivariable
Gender       
Female 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Male 1.07 (0.86, 1.33) 1.25 (0.98, 1.60) 1.40 (1.10, 1.77) 1.57 (1.19, 2.07) 2.10 (1.52, 2.89) 2.86 (1.96, 4.16)
Age (years)       
18–25 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
26–35 1.48 (1.14, 1.93) 1.28 (0.95, 1.73) 1.69 (1.27, 2.25) 1.42 (1.01, 1.99) 3.23 (2.05, 5.08) 2.62 (1.53, 4.50)
>35 2.22 (1.68, 2.93) 1.94 (1.39, 2.71) 1.66 (1.21, 2.27) 1.33 (0.89, 1.98) 3.62 (2.25, 5.84) 2.83 (1.55, 5.18)
Education       
Primary education or less 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
More than primary education 0.92 (0.74, 1.13)   0.82 (0.65, 1.05)   0.81 (0.59, 1.12)  
Occupation       
Laborer 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Business/sales/technical 0.95 (0.74, 1.21)   0.93 (0.71, 1.22)   1.24 (0.86, 1.79)  
Other 0.81 (0.61, 1.08)   0.81 (0.59, 1.12)   1.01 (0.65, 1.55)  
Religion       
Protestant 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Catholic 1.20 (0.90, 1.60) 1.19 (0.88, 1.60) 1.39 (1.04, 1.85) 1.35 (1.01, 1.81) 0.92 (0.64, 1.32) 0.84 (0.57, 1.24)
Moslem 0.30 (0.22, 0.43) 0.32 (0.23, 0.45) 0.16 (0.11, 0.25) 0.17 (0.11, 0.26) 0.14 (0.08, 0.24) 0.16 (0.09, 0.30)
Saved/Pentecostal/Other 0.96 (0.72, 1.29) 1.08 (0.79, 1.47) 0.14 (0.08, 0.23) 0.15 (0.09, 0.24) 0.09 (0.04, 0.19) 0.12 (0.05, 0.25)
Marital status       
Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Previously married 1.47 (1.14, 1.88) 1.44 (1.09, 1.90) 1.05 (0.80, 1.39) 1.19 (0.87, 1.64) 1.05 (0.73, 1.49) 1.51 (1.00, 2.28)
Never married 0.77 (0.59, 1.01) 0.98 (0.72, 1.35) 0.63 (0.47, 0.85) 0.72 (0.50, 1.04) 0.44 (0.28, 0.68) 0.83 (0.48, 1.44)
Household assets       
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Medium 1.00 (0.79, 1.26) 1.18 (0.91, 1.52) 1.30 (1.01, 1.69) 1.48 (1.11, 1.96) 0.89 (0.64, 1.24) 1.22 (0.84, 1.78)
High 1.06 (0.78, 1.44) 1.21 (0.87, 1.68) 1.13 (0.80, 1.61) 1.31 (0.89, 1.91) 0.64 (0.39, 1.07) 0.75 (0.43, 1.29)
How often do household members go hungry?       
Sometimes/Often (>2 times/month) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Seldom (1–2 times/month) 0.90 (0.58, 1.39) 0.82 (0.52, 1.31) 1.48 (0.88, 2.50) 1.32 (0.75, 2.29) 1.19 (0.66, 2.12) 1.32 (0.68, 2.54)
Never 0.49 (0.36, 0.66) 0.59 (0.42, 0.82) 1.00 (0.68, 1.46) 1.13 (0.75, 1.70) 0.45 (0.30, 0.69) 0.80 (0.49, 1.32)
Social support       
Strong support 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate support 0.69 (0.50, 0.95) 0.73 (0.52, 1.02) 0.97 (0.67, 1.40) 1.04 (0.70, 1.54) 0.40 (0.26, 0.62) 0.52 (0.32, 0.84)
Poor support 1.03 (0.70, 1.52) 0.96 (0.64, 1.46) 1.14 (0.72, 1.82) 1.37 (0.84, 2.24) 1.27 (0.78, 2.06) 1.49 (0.84, 2.63)
Any household members consumed alcohol, past 3 months       
None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Any 1.92 (1.42, 2.60) 1.80 (1.29, 2.50) 2.32 (1.68, 3.21) 1.95 (1.36, 2.79) 6.24 (4.33, 8.99) 5.74 (3.80, 8.67)
Recruitment site       
Inpatient wards 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Outpatient clinics 1.06 (0.81, 1.39) 1.09 (0.81, 1.46) 1.00 (0.74, 1.36) 1.07 (0.77, 1.48) 1.25 (0.83, 1.89) 1.63 (1.03, 2.57)
Emergency/casualty wards 0.95 (0.64, 1.41) 0.84 (0.56, 1.26) 1.35 (0.90, 2.03) 1.34 (0.87, 2.08) 0.88 (0.47, 1.62) 1.01 (0.52, 1.98)
Reasons for HIV testing       
Just wanted to know/plan for future 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
AIDS symptoms/concern about current illness 1.63 (1.29, 2.05)   1.39 (1.08, 1.80)   1.67 (1.20, 2.34)  
Other 1.37 (0.82, 2.30)   0.92 (0.48, 1.75)   2.25 (1.18, 4.30)  
HIV status       
HIV negative 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
HIV positive 1.68 (1.36, 2.09) 1.49 (1.17, 1.88) 1.42 (1.12, 1.80) 1.15 (0.88, 1.51) 2.34 (1.70, 3.22) 1.88 (1.30, 2.73)
  1. RRR: Relative risk ratio.
  2. CI: Confidence interval.