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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of kidney or liver transplant recipients with TB compared with controls

From: The risk factors for tuberculosis in liver or kidney transplant recipients

Characteristics Cases (n = 45) Controls (n = 45) P
Univariate analysis    
 Age, mean years ± SD 37.9 ± 10.0 37.8 ± 10.0 0.974
 Gender, number of male/number of female 34/11 34/11 -
 Donor type, Deceased/the others 32/13 22/23 0.031
 The type of transplantation, Liver/Kidney 2/43 2/43 -
 Two or more transplants 4 4 1.000
 Tacrolimus/Cyclosporine 34/10 34/11 0.849
 Use of antilymphocytic agents 7 14 0.081
 Preoperative evidence of latent TB1 17 5 0.003
 Diabetes mellitus 7 7 1.000
 Rejection, n (%) 15 13 0.649
 CMV infection 18 5 0.012
 HCV, HBV 10 10 1.000
 Major infection2 13 16 0.499
Multivariate analysis OR (95% CI)  
 Graft from a cadaveric donor 3.7 (1.4-10.0) 0.010
 Preoperative evidence of latent TB 6.8 (2.0 - 22.7) 0.002
  1. 1Including positive PPD or IGRA, untreated TB lesion on plain chest radiograph, recent TB contact history.
  2. 2Including pneumonia,bloodstream infections,urinary tract infection or intracranial infection.
  3. TB, tuberculosis; SD, standard deviation; DCD, donation after cardiac death; CMV, cytomegalovirus; HCV, Hepatitis C Virus; HBV, Hepatitis B Virus; ESR, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.