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Table 1 Main characteristics of 45 kidney or liver transplant patients with TB

From: The risk factors for tuberculosis in liver or kidney transplant recipients

Characteristics No. (%) (n = 45)
Age, mean years ± SD 37.9 ± 10.0
Gender, number of male/number of female 34/11
Temperature of 39°C or greater 15 (33.3)
Primary kidney or liver disease, n (%)  
 Glomerulonephritis 33 (73.3)
 Diabetes 7 (15.6)
 Adult polycystic disease 1 (2.2)
 Liver cirrhosis 2 (4.4)
 Other 2 (4.4)
Donor type, n (%)  
 Cadaveric 32 (71.1)
 Living 12 (26.7)
 DCD 1 (2.2)
The type of transplantation, n (%)  
 Liver 2 (4.4)
 Kidney 43(95.6)
 Two or more transplants 4 (8.9)
Immunosuppressive drugs, n (%)  
 Methylprednisolone 45 (100)
 Prednisone 45 (100)
 Mycophenolate mofetil 44 (97.8)
 Tacrolimus 34 (75.6)
 Cyclosporine 10 (22.2)
 Sirolimus 1 (2.2)
 Antilymphocytic or antithymocytic agents 7 (15.6)
Time of TB diagnosis posttransplant, no. of cases (%)  
 < 7 mo 13 (28.9)
 7th to 12th mo 4 (8.9)
 > 12 mo 28 (62.2)
Evidence of latent TB (No. of positive test/No. of patients tested) 17 (37.8)
 Untreated TB lesion in chest plain radiograph 10/40 (25.0)
 Preop PPD test positive 10/36 (27.8)
 Preop IGRA test positive 1/4 (25.0)
 Recent TB contact history 1/45 (2.2)
Type of TB, n (%)  
 Pulmonary 28 (62.2)
 Extrapulmonary1 4 (8.9)
 Disseminated 13 (28.9)
Diagnostic modalities (No. of positive test/No.of patients tested)  
 Culture positive 23/38 (60.5)
 Smear positive 15/36 (41.7)
 PCR positive 12/20 (60.0)
 Pathology only 3/3 (100.0)
 IGRA positive 6/30 (20.0)
 PPD positive 5/20 (25.0)
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 7 (15.6)
Rejection within 6 months prior to TB, n (%) 15 (33.3)
CMV infection within 3 months prior to TB 18 (40)
HCV, HBV 10 (22.2)
Major infection within 3 months prior to TB 13 (28.9)
ESR at the onset of TB > 40 mm/h 18 (40.0)
Creatinine at the onset of TB > 2 mg/dl 10 (22.2)
Crude mortality 4 (8.9)
  1. 1Cases with extrapulmonary TB in 4 patients, TB lymphadenitis, TB peritonitis, TB spondylitis, and tuberculocele in 1 patient each.
  2. TB, tuberculosis; SD, standard deviation; DCD, donation after cardiac death; PPD, pure protein derivative; IGRA, interferon gamma release assay; PCR, polymerase chain reaction; CMV, cytomegalovirus; HCV, Hepatitis C Virus; HBV, Hepatitis B Virus; ESR, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate.