Skip to main content

Table 3 Use of health care facilities by syndrome pre- and post-HBCT for first-time HIV testers, stratified by HIV infection status, based on household morbidity surveillance data, western Kenya 2007 – 2010

From: The impact of home-based HIV counseling and testing on care-seeking and incidence of common infectious disease syndromes in rural western Kenya

  HIV-infected persons, N = 698 HIV-uninfected persons, N = 5,668  
  Pre-HBCT Post-HBCT Diff. in % (95% CI) Pre-HBCT Post-HBCT Diff. in % (95% CI) Diff. of diffs*. (95% CI)
No. of household visits 15,421 16,757   128,837 138,801   
ARI Episodes 2438 2507   18385 17167   
n (%) to any clinic 563 (23.1) 701 (27.9) 4.8 (2.3 – 7.3) 2754 (14.9) 2491 (14.5) −0.4 (−1.1 – 0.3) 5.2 (0.1 – 10.3)
n (%) to Lwak 290 (11.9) 453 (18.1) 6.2 (4.2 – 8.2) 1326 (7.2) 1367 (7.9) 0.7 (0.1 – 1.3) 5.5 (1.4 – 9.6)
n (%) to other clinics 273 (11.2) 248 (9.9) −1.3 (−3.1 – 0.5) 1428 (7.8) 1124 (6.5) −1.3 (−1.8 – -0.8) 0.0 (−3.7 – 3.7)
SARI Episodes 18 26   37 32   
n (%) to any clinic 5 (27.8) 11 (42.3) 14.5 (−57.6 – 28.6) 9 (24.3) 8 (25.0) 0.7 (−22.6 – 24.0) 13.8 (−82.2 – 109.8)
n (%) to Lwak 2 (11.1) 8 (30.8) 19.7 (−7.9 – 47.3) 3 (8.1) 4 (12.5) 4.4 (−12.9 – 21.8) 15.3 (−48.6 – 79.2)
n (%) to other clinics 3 (16.7) 3 (11.5) −5.2 (−31.1 – 20.7) 6 (16.2) 4 (12.5) −3.7 (−23.1 – 15.7) 8.9 (−54.5 – 72.3)
AFI Episodes 1746 1956   11224 13275   
n (%) to any clinic 540 (30.9) 794 (40.6) 9.7 (6.6-12.8) 2567 (22.9) 3393 (25.6) 2.7(1.6 – 3.8) 7.0 (0.6 – 13.4)
n (%) to Lwak 255 (14.6) 526 (26.9) 12.3 (9.7 – 14.9) 1175 (10.5) 1771 (13.3) 2.8 (2.0 – 3.6) 9.5 (4.2 – 14.8)
n (%) to other clinics) 285 (16.3) 268 (13.7) −2.6 (−5.0 – -0.2) 1392 (12.4) 1622 (12.2) −0.2(−1.0 – 0.6) 2.4 (−2.6 – 7.4)
Diarrhea Episodes 623 620   2694 2588   
n (%) to any clinic 205 (32.9) 211 (34.0) 1.1 (−4.3 – 6.5) 494 (18.3) 469 (18.1) −0.2 (−2.3 – 1.9) 1.3 (−10.1 – 12.7)
n (%) to Lwak 116 (18.6) 146 (23.5) 4.9 (0.2 – 9.6) 249 (9.2) 263 (10.2) 1.0 (−0.6 – 2.6) 3.9 (−5.8 – 13.6)
n (%) to other clinics) 89 (14.3) 65 (10.5) −3.8 (−7.6 – 0.0) 245 (9.1) 206 (8.0) −1.1 (−2.7– 0.5) 2.7 (−5.4 – 10.8)
  1. *Difference of differences is the difference between the percentage of persons with illness seeking care pre- and post-HBCT with HIV infection minus the percentage of persons with illness seeking care pre- and post-HBCT without HIV infection.
  2. ARI = Acute respiratory illness. SARI = Severe Acute Respiratory Illness. AFI = Acute febrile illness.