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Table 2 Estimates of excess mortality rates attributable to pandemic influenza based on respiratory and all-cause mortality rates across 49 provinces of Spain

From: Spatial-temporal excess mortality patterns of the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic in Spain

Province Respiratory mortality All-cause mortality
May-July 1918 August 1918- April 1919 Cumulative excess mortality 1918-1919 May-July 1918 August 1918- April 1919 Cumulative excess mortality 1918-1919
Burgos 2.0 167.7 169.7 0.0 212 212
Almeria 2.9 166.2 169.1 0.0 187.1 187.1
Zamora 4.7 157.4 162.1 8.9 203.5 212.4
Palencia 2.0 153.7 155.7 6.3 184.1 190.4
Orense 0.0 144.9 144.9 0.0 171.6 171.6
Leon 2.4 142.5 144.9 3.8 176 179.8
Segovia 2.5 140.6 143.1 0.0 154.7 154.7
Salamanca 1.6 129.9 131.5 0.0 163.2 163.2
Logroño 3.8 125.5 129.3 0.0 156.1 156.1
Coruña (La) 0.0 127 127.0 0.0 142.5 142.5
Valladolid 2.5 114.1 116.6 4.5 151.3 155.8
Alava 0.0 113.1 113.1 0.0 135.5 135.5
Avila 3.2 109.5 112.7 0.0 153.9 153.9
Lugo 0.0 110.2 110.2 0.0 129.9 129.9
Santander 0.0 109.1 109.1 0.0 121.8 121.8
Zaragoza 2.8 103.8 106.6 0.0 122.5 122.5
Alicante 1.6 103.2 104.8 0.0 116.9 116.9
Vizcaya 6.7 97.6 104.3 8.5 117.4 125.9
Granada 6.6 97.1 103.7 0.0 106.1 106.1
Huesca 0.0 103.1 103.1 0.0 115.9 115.9
Huelva 1.4 100.8 102.2 4.1 125.6 129.7
Guadalajara 4.6 92.1 96.7 5.4 125.8 131.2
Teruel 5.2 91.2 96.4 5.6 110.7 116.3
Navarra 0.0 92 92.0 0.0 116 116
Albacete 4.5 87.2 91.7 9.0 113.5 122.5
Murcia 2.8 87.6 90.4 0.0 109.2 109.2
Soria 2.7 86.4 89.1 0.0 105 105
Pontevedra 0.0 89 89.0 0.0 106.8 106.8
Guipuzcoa 0.0 88.8 88.8 0.0 109.9 109.9
Oviedo 0.0 87.5 87.5 7.2 105.7 112.9
Castellon 0.0 84.7 84.7 0.0 108.3 108.3
Ciudad Real 6.4 70.2 76.6 10.5 86.4 96.9
Cuenca 4.6 70.2 74.8 0.0 75.9 75.9
Valencia 1.1 73.3 74.4 0.0 91.3 91.3
Barcelona 0.0 74.4 74.4 0.0 92.1 92.1
Jaen 7.9 65.8 73.7 8.3 73.9 82.2
Lerida 0.0 72.9 72.9 0.0 84.4 84.4
Baleares 0.0 72.8 72.8 0.0 83.2 83.2
Toledo 6.0 66.4 72.4 15.2 80 95.2
Tarragona 0.0 71.9 71.9 0.0 83.5 83.5
Badajoz 4.6 59.5 64.1 15.1 76.2 91.3
Gerona 0.0 62.9 62.9 0.0 73.2 73.2
Cadiz 5.6 54.7 60.3 9.3 79.3 88.6
Cordoba 8.7 49.6 58.3 19.9 57 76.9
Caceres 3.1 53.9 57.0 5.0 70.8 75.8
Madrid 10.3 37.3 47.6 11.7 55 66.7
Malaga 2.5 30.8 33.3 5.0 41 46
Sevilla 3.3 29.0 32.3 9.2 41 50.2
Canarias 0.0 6.1 6.1 0.0 6.2 6.2
Total Spain 2.4 92.6 95.1 3.0 112.9 115.9
  1. Excess mortality estimates were based on a seasonal regression model applied to monthly mortality and presented as rates per 10,000. Provinces are sorted according to the cumulative excess pandemic respiratory mortality rates.