Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of peak HIV, circumcision and various indicators of migration intensity by country (see methodology section for definitions of the variables and sources of the data)

From: Migration intensity has no effect on peak HIV prevalence: an ecological study

Country Peak HIV (%) Average annual net migration rate (no./1000) Immigration rate -1960 (%) Immigration rate – 2005 (%) International movement rate (%) Internal migration rate (%) Percent internal migrants (%) Crude migration intensity (5 year) Crude migration intensity (Lifetime) Emigration rate (%) Circumcision prevalence (%) Courgeau’s k index (5 year) Courgeau’s k index (Lifetime)
Algeria 0.1 -0.373 4 0.7 6.9      6.2 >80   
Angola 2 3 2.4 0.3 5.8      5.5 >80   
Argentina 0.5 0 12.6 3.9 5.6 19.9 17.2   19.9 1.6 <20 0.574  
Armenia 0.1 -30   16.1 28.1 24.5 24.5    20.3 <20   
Australia 0.1 4 16.5 21.3 22.5    10.39   2.2 20-80 1.239  
Austria 0.3 6 11.5 14 17.2      5.5 <20   
Azerbaijan 0.1 -3   3 15.8 33.2 33.2    14.3 >80   
Bahamas 3.9 0 10.3 9.7 19.3      10.8 <20   
Bangladesh 0.1 -2 1.2 0.7 5.1      4.5 >80   
Barbados 1.4 0 4.2 10.4 36.6 31.1     29.8 <20   
Belarus 0.3 0   11.3 26.1 10.8    10.78 15.2 <20   5.751
Belgium 0.2 2 4.8 8.5 14.6      4.4 <20   
Belize 2.4 4 8.2 14.4 27.4 14.2     16.5 <20   
Benin 1.4 -1 1.5 2.4 8.8      7.5 >80   
Bhutan 0.2 -38 4.3 5.7 3.8      2.2 <20   
Bolivia 0.2 -3 1.3 1.2 5.3 15.2 37.7    4.3 <20   
Botswana 26.3 2 1.4 4.4 3.8      0.9 <20   
Brazil 0.5 0 1.9 0.4 0.8 10.1 19.5 3.4 10.07 0.5 <20   
Bulgaria 0.1 -8 0.3 1.3 11.6 14.3 14.3    10.5 <20   
Burkina Faso 4 -3 1.3 5.6 17.9      9.8 >80   
Burundi 5.9 -9 4.3 1.1 6.5      5.4 <20   
Cambodia 1.4 2 7 2.2 3.9 11.7 14.2   11.65 2.3 <20   1.553
Cameroon 5.5 0 3.2 1.2 1.9      1 >80   
Canada 0.2 0 15.4 19.5 21.5      4 20-80 0.987  
CAR 10.1 1 2.9 1.8 4.2      2.7 20-80   
Chad 3.5 -1 1.9 3.6 3.7      3.2 >80   
Chile 0.4 1 1.4 1.4 4.5 21.3   9.59 21.27 3.3 <20 1.455 4.159
China 0.1 0 0 0 0.5 6.2    6.193 0.5 <20 0.432  
Colombia 0.9   0.4 0.3 4.1 20.3 20.1 6.42 20.25 3.9 <20 0.53 2.625
Comoros 0.1 -1 0.8 2.2 10.7      7.7    
Congo 5.2 1 2.6 3.8 20 27.1 27.1    14.7 >80   
Costa Rica 0.3 4 2.5 10.2 9.7 20 19.9 10.6 20.02 2.6 <20 1.268 4.121
Croatia 0.1 7   14.9 23.8 26.6 14.7    12    
Cuba 0.1 -2 2 0.1 9.6 15.2     8.9 <20   
Czech Republic 0.1 0 0.4 4.4 7.7      3.5 <20   
Côte d'Ivoire 7.5 1          >80   
DRC 1.4       27.1     >80   
Denmark 0.2 3 2.1 7.8 10.7      4.3 <20   
Djibouti 2.9 9 13.9 13.7 5.8      2.2 >80   
Dominican Republic 1 -3 4.3 4.1 10.4 17.7 26.9    9.1 <20   
Ecuador 0.5 -1 0.5 0.9 5.9 20.2 22.7 8.25 20.23 5.3 <20 0.864 3.153
Egypt 0.1 -4 0.8 0.3 3.1      2.9 >80   
El Salvador 0.8 -9 1.2 0.6 14.6 16.7     14.3 <20   
Equatorial Guinea 5 6 7.7 1 14.7      14.5 >80   
Eritrea 1.2 -1 0.5 0.3 12.8      12.5 >80   
Estonia 1.2 0   15 28.5      12.2 <20   
Ethiopia    1.7 0.7 1.4      0.4 >80   
Fiji 0.1 -10 5.1 2.1 16.6      15 <20   
Finland 0.1 2 0.7 3.3 9      6.6 <20   
France 0.4 0 7.7 10.6 13.1      2.9 <20   
Gabon 5.4 1 4.3 17.9 22.8      4.3 >80   
Gambia 2 -2 9.9 15.2 16.4      3.6 >80   
Georgia 0.1 -21   4.3 22.1      18.3 <20   
Germany 0.1 8 2.8 12.9 15.3      4.7 <20   
Ghana 2.3 -1 7.8 7.6 7.3 17.8   5.96 17.75 4.5 >80 0.66 3.127
Greece 0.1 9 0.6 8.8 17.2      7.8 <20   
Guatemala 0.8 -8 1 0.4 5.2 11.1 17.5    4.9 <20   
Guinea 1.8 29 0.4 4.4 14.3      6.3 >80   
Guinea-Bissau 2.5 -1 2 1.3 9.9      8.6 >80   
Guyana 2.8 -13 2.5 1.3 33.6      33.5 <20   
Haiti 3.6 -4 0.4 0.3 8 17.5 17.5    7.7 <20   
Honduras 1.5 -5 3 0.4 5.9 17.2 29    5.3 <20   
Hungary 0.1 2 5.2 3.3 6.6      3.9 <20   
Iceland 0.3   1.9 7.6 16.4      10.6 <20   
India 0.4   2.1 0.5 1.4 4.1    4.141 0.8 <20   0.587
Indonesia 0.2   2 0.1 1 4.1   2.19 4.07 0.9 >80 0.338 1.318
Iran 0.2   0.2 2.9 4.7      1.3 >80   
Ireland 0.2   2.6 14.8 28.1      20 <20   
Israel 0.2 19 56.1 39.8 40.3      13.1 >80   
Italy 0.3 1 0.9 5.2 8.1      5.4 <20   
Jamaica 2.2   1.3 1 27      26.7 <20   
Japan 0.1 1 0.7 1.6 1.7      0.7 <20   
Kazakhstan 1    19.6 35.8 9.3 9.3    19.4 20-80   
Kenya 10.5 0 0.7 2.2 2.3 12.6    12.64 1.4 >80   2.524
Kyrgyzstan 0.3    5.5 20.6 16.2 16.2    10.5 >80   
Lao 0.2   0.9 0.3 6.2      5.9 <20   
Latvia 0.7    16.6 33      9.1 <20   
Lebanon 0.1 14 8 17.7 27.1      12.9 >80   
Lesotho 24.5   0.4 0.3 2.8      2.6 20-80   
Liberia 3.6 37 2.7 2.9 7.8      2.7 >80   
Lithuania 0.1    4.8 13.9      8.6 <20   
Luxembourg 0.3 10 14.8 33.7 38.3      9.5 <20   
Madagascar 0.2   2.5 0.2 1.3 9.3 9.3    0.9 >80   
Malawi 14.7   8.4 2 3.4 2.7 2.7    1.2 <20   
Malaysia 0.5 3 0.7 7.9 10.1 20.7   7.99 20.71 3.1 >80 0.828  
Maldives 0.1   1.7 1.1 1.5      0.4    
Mali 1.9   3.3 1.4 12.9      12.5 >80   
Malta 0.1 3 0.5 2.9 24      22.3 <20   
Mauritania 0.7   1.4 2.2 6.3 24.2 24.2    4.1 >80   
Mauritius 1 0 1.6 3.3 13.1      12.5    
Mexico 0.4   0.6 0.6 9.5 18.5     9 <20 1.364  
Mongolia 0.1   0.4 0.4 0.6 9.7 9.8    0.3 <20   
Morocco 0.1   3.4 0.2 8.5 33.4 33.4    8.1 >80   
Mozambique 11.5 0 0.1 1.9 6 8.1 8.1    4.2 20-80   
Myanmar 0.8   1.4 0.2 0.9      0.7 <20   
Namibia 16.5   4.5 6.6 8.7      1.3 <20   
Nepal 0.5   3.5 3 6.2      3.9 <20   
Netherlands 0.2 3 3.9 10.6 14.2      4.7 <20   
New Zealand 0.1 7 14.1 20.9 27.3      11.8 <20   
Nicaragua 0.2   0.7 0.6 9.6 13.3 18.6    9.1 <20   
Niger 1 0 1.7 1.4 5      4 >80   
Nigeria 4 0 0.2 0.7 1.4      0.8 >80   
Norway 0.1 2 1.7 8 11      3.9 <20   
Oman 0.1 6 7.7 25.5 28      0.7 >80   
Pakistan 0.1   13 2.1 4.8      2.2 >80   
Panama 1.6 1 6.1 3.2 8.2 20.6    20.56 5.7 <20   4.071
Papua New Guinea 0.9 0 1 0.4 1.3      0.9 <20   
Paraguay 0.3   2.6 2.8 9.8 26.4 39    6.9 <20   
Peru 0.5   0.7 0.1 2.9 22.4     2.7 <20   
Philippines 0.1   0.8 0.4 5.6 11.7   3.28 11.72 4 20-80 0.337 1.827
Poland 0.1   8.2 2.2 7.1      5.1 <20   
Portugal 0.6 3 0.4 7.2 21.4 12.8   3.23 12.8 16.1 <20 0.757 3.107
Qatar 0.1   32 80.5 60.7      2.3 >80   
Republic of Korea 0.1           >80   
Moldova 0.4           <20   
Romania 0.1   1.8 0.6 5 15.1 15.1    4.6 <20   
Russian Federation 1 2 1.4 8.4 15.3      7.7 <20   
Rwanda 5.2   1 4.8 3.7 10.4 21.5   10.41 2.7 <20   
Senegal 0.9   5.5 2 7      4.4 >80   
Serbia 0.1 9 0.9 6.8 18.7      13.6 20-80   
Sierra Leone 1.6   2 3 3 19 19    2 >80   
Singapore 0.1 14 31.8 35 19.1      6.3 >80   
Slovakia 0.1    2.3 10.3      8.2 <20   
Slovenia 0.1 4   8.4 7.6      5.2 <20   
Somalia 0.7   0.4 0.3 6.7      6.5 >80   
South Africa 18.1 3 5.3 2.6 3.9 15.4    15.36 1.7 20-80 1.503 1.817
Spain 0.5   0.7 10.7 8.3 22.4    22.37 3.2 <20   3.493
Sri Lanka 0.1   10 1.9 6.6      4.7 <20   
Sudan 1.1 1 2.1 1.7 3.8      1.7 >80   
Suriname 1.1 0 7.7 6.8 36.9      36 <20   
Swaziland 25.9   4.9 3.4 4.8      1.1 <20   
Sweden 0.1 3 4 12.3 15      3.3 <20   
Switzerland 0.4 7 13.4 22.3 26      5.6 <20   
Tajikistan 0.2    4.7 16.1 9.9 9.9    11.4 >80   
Thailand 2.1   1.8 1.5 2      1.3 <20   
Togo 3.6 0 6.5 3.1 6.8      3.7 >80   
Trinidad and Tobago 1.5   9.6 2.9 22.8      20.2 <20   
Tunisia 0.1   4 0.4 6.3      5.9 >80   
Turkey 0.1   3.4 1.9 6      4.2 >80   
Uganda 10.7 1 11.4 2.3 2.7 5.2    5.24 0.7 20-80   
Ukraine 1.1    11.5 23.8      10.9 <20   
United Kingdom 0.2 1 3.2 9.7 14.3      6.6 <20   
Tanzania 7.9           20-80   
USA 0.6 3 5.8 13 12.4 17.8   6.57 17.84 0.8 20-80 1.267 4.5
Uruguay 0.5   7.6 2.5 9.5 24.1     7 <20   
Uzbekistan 0.1    4.8 13.4      8.5 >80   
Viet Nam 0.4   0 0.1 2.4 21.9   2.9   2.4 <20 0.403  
Zambia 15 0 11.9 2.4 5.6      2.2 <20   
Zimbabwe 26.5   10.3 3.1 7.4      2.3 <20   
\