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Table 1 Predictors of unfavorable outcomes in intracranial abscesses

From: A retrospective study on the aetiology, management, and outcome of brain abscess in an 11-year, single-centre study from China

Variables Favorable outcomes Unfavorable outcomes Total pValue p, Regression
(n = 47) (n = 13) (n = 60) (OR, 95% CI)
Age, y, Mean ± SD 46.06 ± 16.97 51.92 ± 16.47   0.272  
Sex, n (%)     0.015 0.006 (14.003, 2.129-92.081)
 Male 40 (85) 7 (15) 47   
 Female 7 (54) 6 (46) 13   
GCS on admission, no. (%)     0.480  
 ≤13 5 (63) 3 (37) 8   
 14-15 42 (81) 10 (19) 52   
Clinical menifestation, no. (%)     0.802  
 Nausea 10 (71) 4 (29) 14   
 Headache 35 (76) 11 (24) 46   
 Fever 24 (77) 7 (23) 31   
 Focal neurological sign 11 (65) 6 (35) 17   
 Epilepsy 14 (82) 3 (18) 17   
Predisposing risk factor, no. (%)     0.050  
 Postneurosurgery 6 (60) 4 (40) 10   
 Post head trauma 6 (100) 0 (0) 6   
 Congenital heart disease 5 (100) 0 (0) 5   
 Immunosuppression 0 (0) 2 (100) 2   
 COM 7 (88) 1 (12) 8   
 Unknown 23 (79) 6 (21) 29   
No. of abscess, no. (%)     0.028  
 Single 39 (85) 7 (15) 46   
 Multiple 8 (57) 6 (43) 14   
Location of abscess, no. (%)     0.555  
 Basal ganglia 4 (67) 2 (33) 6   
 Frontal 14 (74) 5 (26) 19   
 Temporal 12 (92) 1 (8) 13   
 Occipital 7 (70) 3 (30) 10   
 Cerebellar 2 (67) 1 (33) 3   
 Parietal 8 (89) 1 (11) 9   
Mode of operation, no. (%)     1.000  
 STA 27 (75) 9 (25) 36   
 OCE 14 (78) 4 (22) 18   
 Mastoidectomy + OCE 5 (83) 1 (17) 6   
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. The cutoff in the univariate analysis was P < 0.20. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.