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Table 5 Characteristics of Warao Amerindian children 0 to 2 years of age, malnutrition and parasitic infections compared with recurrent wheezing*

From: Recurrent wheezing is associated with intestinal protozoan infections in Warao Amerindian children in Venezuela: a cross-sectional survey

Characteristics Recurrent wheezing No recurrent wheezing Univariate analysis   Multivariable analysis
  (n=16) (n=45) p-value OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age (months), mean (SD) 18 (3) 17 (4) 0.57 1.0 (0.90-1.2) #
Sex, n (%)    0.10   
 Male 13 (81) 26 (58)   1 1
 Female 3 (19) 19 (42)   0.32 (0.079-1.3) 0.28 (0.061-1.3)
Stunting vs. non-stunting (HAZ < -2 SD), n (%) 12 (75) 25 (56) 0.18 2.4 (0.67-8.6) 4.5 (0.97-21.2)
Underweight vs. not underweight (WAZ < -2 SD), n (%) 4 (25) 12 (27) 0.90 0.92 (0.25-3.4) 0.78 (0.15-4.1)
Wasting vs. non-wasting (WHZ < -2 SD), n (%) 0 (0) 4 (9) # # #
Parasitic infections, n (%)      
 Helminth infection present vs. absent 10 (63) 27 (60) 0.86 0.90 (0.28-2.9) 0.77 (0.20-3.0)
 Protozoan infection present vs. absent 13 (81) 21 (47) 0.024 5.0 (1.2-19.8) 6.7 (1.5-30.5)
  1. *These analyses were performed on children from who we collected stool samples (n=61).