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Table 2 Type and anatomic site of embolic events*

From: Predicting the occurrence of embolic events: an analysis of 1456 episodes of infective endocarditis from the Italian Study on Endocarditis (SEI)

Characteristics All IE episodes LS-NVE LS-PVE RS-IE CIED-IE
Number of IE episodes 1456 967 339 89 61
Embolic events 700 436 166 74 24
CNS emboli 249 (36) 174 (40) 68 (41) 3 (4) 4 (17)
  Ischemic stroke 176 (25) 126 (29) 45 (27) 2 (3) 3 (13)
  Transient ischemic attack 42 (6) 26 (6) 14 (8) 1 (1) 1 (4)
  Hemorrhagic stroke 31 (4) 22 (5) 9 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Peripheral emboli 451 (64) 262 (60) 98 (59) 71 (96) 20 (83)
  Pulmonary 122 (17) 26 (6) 25 (15) 57 (84) 14 (58)
  Splenic 117 (17) 90 (21) 23 (14) 3 (4) 1 (4)
  Limbs 95 (14) 70 (16) 15 (9) 7 (10) 3 (13)
  Other 117 (17) 76 (17) 35 (21) 4 (6) 2 (8)
  1. *Data reported as number or number (% of embolic events).
  2. Abbreviations: CIED-IE infective endocarditis associated with a cardiac implantable electronic device, LS-NVE left-sided native valve endocarditis, LS-PVE left-sided prosthetic valve endocarditis, RS-IE right-sided infective endocarditis.